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Integrity of the cell membrane is a basic requirement for maintaining the biological characteristics of a cell. In this study, changes in the morphology and ultrastructure of HeLa (human cervical carcinoma), HepG2 (human hepatocellular liver carcinoma), and C6 (rat glioma) cells were studied by atomic force microscopy (AFM) both before and after treatment(More)
Cell labeling using magnetic nanoparticles is an increasingly used approach in noninvasive behavior tracking, in vitro separation of cancer stem cells (CSCs), and CSC-based research in cancer therapy. However, the impact of magnetic labeling on the biological properties of targeted CSCs, such as self-renewal, proliferation, multi-differentiation, cell(More)
In this study, folate-functionalized hybrid polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared as carriers of low water solubility paclitaxel for tumor targeting, which were composed of monomethoxy-poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(lactide)-paclitaxel (MPEG-PLA-paclitaxel) and d-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS)-folate (TPGS-FOL). NPs with various(More)
Graphene oxides with different surface charges were fabricated from carboxylated graphene oxide by chemical modification with amino- (-NH2), poly-m-aminobenzene sulfonic acid- (-NH2/-SO3H), or methoxyl- (-OCH3) terminated functional groups. The chemically functionalized graphene oxides and the carboxylated graphene oxide were characterized by infrared(More)
Recent microfluidic advancements in oxygen gradients have greatly promoted controllable oxygen-sensitive cellular investigations at microscale resolution. However, multi-gradient integration in a single microfluidic device for tissue-mimicking cell investigation is not yet well established. In this study, we describe a method that can generate oxygen and(More)
Rice-like polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) composed of a new redox-responsive polymer, poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(lactic acid) (MPEG-SS-PLA), were prepared to carry paclitaxel (PTX) for glutathione (GSH)-regulated drug delivery. The PTX-loaded MPEG-SS-PLA NPs were fabricated using an optimized oil-in-water emulsion/solvent evaporation method. The size and(More)
An improved approach for the surface modification of poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) using carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), carboxymethyl beta-1,3-dextran (CMD), and alginic acid (AA) was investigated. The PDMS substrates were first oxidized in a H(2)SO(4)/H(2)O(2) solution to transform the Si-CH(3) groups on their surfaces into Si-OH groups. Then methacrylate(More)
In this study, a high-throughput microfluidic system is presented. The system is comprised of seven parallel channels. Each channel contains 32 square-shaped microchambers. After simulation studies on samples loaded into the microchambers, and the solute exchange between the microchambers and channels, the long-term culture of Escherichia coli (E. coli)(More)
The present study presents a new microfluidic device integrated with pneumatic microvalves and a membrane mixer for enzyme-based immunoassay of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) biomarkers, namely, myoglobin, and heart-type fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP). Superparamagnetic microspheres with carboxyl groups on their surfaces were used as antibody solid(More)
We presented an integrated microfluidic system for dynamical study of cell-microenvironmental interactions. We demonstrated its precisely spatio-temporal control in the flow direction and the multi-site staying of the fluids by groups of monolithic microfabricated valves through digital operation, aside from the regulated communication between two loci(More)