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Three distinct mammalian Na+/Ca2+ exchangers have been cloned: NCX1, NCX2, and NCX3. We have undertaken a detailed functional comparison of these three exchangers. Each exchanger was stably expressed at high levels in the plasma membranes of BHK cells. Na+/Ca2+ exchange activity was assessed using three different complementary techniques: Na+(More)
TRPM2, a member of the transient receptor potential (TRP) superfamily, is a Ca(2+)-permeable channel activated by oxidative stress or tumor necrosis factoralpha involved in susceptibility to cell death. TRPM2 activation is dependent on the level of intracellular Ca(2+). We explored whether calmodulin (CaM) is the Ca(2+) sensor for TRPM2. HEK 293T cells were(More)
The transient receptor potential (TRP) channel TRPM2 is an ion channel that modulates cell survival. We report here that full-length (TRPM2-L) and short (TRPM2-S) isoform expression was significantly increased in human neuroblastoma compared with adrenal gland. To differentiate the roles of TRPM2-L and TRPM2-S in cell proliferation and survival, we(More)
TRPM2 is a Ca(2+)-permeable channel activated by oxidative stress or TNF-alpha, and TRPM2 activation confers susceptibility to cell death. The mechanisms were examined here in human monocytic U937-ecoR cells. This cell line expresses full-length TRPM2 (TRPM2-L) and several isoforms including a short splice variant lacking the Ca(2+)-permeable pore region(More)
TRPM2 is a Ca(2+)-permeable channel that is activated by oxidative stress and confers susceptibility to cell death. Here, an isoform of TRPM2 was identified in normal human bone marrow that consists of the TRPM2 N terminus and the first two predicted transmembrane domains. Because of alternative splicing, a stop codon (TAG) is located at the splice junction(More)
Erythropoietin (Epo) stimulates a significant increase in the intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) through activation of the murine transient receptor potential channel TRPC2, but TRPC2 is a pseudogene in humans. TRPC3 expression increases on normal human erythroid progenitors during differentiation. Here, we determined that erythropoietin(More)
Caveolin-1 (Cav1) plays a critical role in the invasion of pathogenic microbes into host cells, yet little is known about porcine Cav1. In this study, we provide the molecular characterization of Cav1 in pigs following stimulation with LPS/polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid as well as during infection with Haemophilus parasuis. The porcine Cav1 gene is 35 kb(More)
In the present study, we examined the mechanisms through which erythropoietin (Epo) activates the calcium-permeable transient receptor potential protein channel (TRPC)2. Erythroblasts were isolated from the spleens of phenylhydrazine-treated mice, and Epo stimulation resulted in a significant and dose-dependent increase in intracellular calcium(More)
TRPM2, a member of the transient receptor potential (TRP) superfamily, is a Ca(2+)-permeable channel, which mediates susceptibility to cell death following activation by oxidative stress, TNFalpha, or beta-amyloid peptide. We determined that TRPM2 is rapidly tyrosine phosphorylated after stimulation with H(2)O(2) or TNFalpha. Inhibition of tyrosine(More)
TRPC2 is a member of the transient receptor potential (TRP) superfamily of Ca2+-permeable channels expressed in nonexcitable cells. TRPC2 is involved in a number of physiological processes including sensory activation of the vomeronasal organ, sustained Ca2+ entry in sperm, and regulation of calcium influx by erythropoietin. Here, a new splice variant of(More)