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In this study, we isolated CD31(-), CD34(-), CD106(-) (VCAM-1(-)), and fetal liver kinase(+) (Flk1(+)) cells from adipose tissue. These cells can be induced to differentiate into cells of osteogenic and adipogenic lineages in vitro and were termed adipose derived adult stem cells (ADAS cells). We also showed that they have characteristics of endothelial(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) reportedly inhibit the mixed lymphocyte reaction. Whether this effect is mediated by dendritic cells (DCs) is still unknown. In this study, we used an in vitro model to observe the effects of MSCs and their supernatants on the development of monocyte-derived DCs. Phenotypes and the endocytosic ability of harvested DCs were(More)
Although the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a normal process that occurs during development, it is thought to be associated with cancer progression and metastasis. Emerging evidence links mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in the tumor microenvironment with the occurrence of EMT in cancer progression. In this study, the human breast cancer cell line(More)
Elucidation of the molecular mechanisms governing human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hASCs) osteogenic differentiation is of great importance for improving the treatment of bone-related diseases. In this study, we examined the role of microRNA (miR)-100 on the osteogenesis of hASCs. Overexpression of miR-100 inhibited osteogenic differentiation(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have profound immunomodulatory functions both in vitro and in vivo. However, their effects on the differentiation of dendritic cells (DCs) are unknown. In this study, we employed an in vitro model to investigate the effects of human MSCs on the development of DCs. CD34(+) cells isolated from cord blood were cultured under(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can differentiate into several distinct cell types, including osteoblasts and adipocytes. The balance between osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation is disrupted in several osteogenic-related disorders, such as osteoporosis. So far, little is known about the molecular mechanisms that drive final lineage commitment of MSCs.(More)
Most transformed cells have lost anchorage and serum dependence for growth and survival. Previously, we established that when serum is absent, fibronectin survival signals transduced by focal adhesion kinase (FAK), suppress p53-regulated apoptosis in primary fibroblasts and endothelial cells (Ili et al., 1998. J. Cell Biol. 143:547–560). The present goals(More)
Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (bMSCs) can differentiate into a number of different cell/tissue types, and also possess immunoregulatory functions. The present study was undertaken to elucidate the exact immunoregulatory effects of allogeneic bMSCs on T- and B-lymphocyte proliferation, activation, and function maturation of BXSB mice, which has(More)
Flk-1(+)CD31(-)CD34(-) mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells with extensive proliferation ability and immunomodulatory function. On the basis of our previous work showing their potential application in tissue engineering and immune diseases, we designed a preclinical and Phase I trial to evaluate the feasibility and safety of intravenous(More)
BACKGROUND In tumor microenvironment, a continuous cross-talk between cancer cells and other cellular components is required to sustain tumor progression. Accumulating evidence suggests that exosomes, a novel way of cell communication, play an important role in such cross-talk. Exosomes could facilitate the direct intercellular transfer of proteins, lipids,(More)