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3'-Deoxy-3'-[(18)F]fluorothymidine ([(18)F]FLT) has been proposed as a new marker for imaging tumor proliferation by positron emission tomography (PET). The uptake of [(18)F]FLT is regulated by cytosolic S-phase-specific thymidine kinase 1 (TK1). In this article, we have investigated the use of [(18)F]FLT to monitor the response of tumors to(More)
Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACI) are emerging as growth inhibitory compounds that modulate gene expression and inhibit tumor cell proliferation. We assessed whether 3'-deoxy-3'-[(18)F]fluorothymidine-positron emission tomography ([18F]FLT-PET) could be used to noninvasively measure the biological activity of a novel HDACI LAQ824 in vivo. We initially(More)
We have assessed the potential of [18F]fluorothymidine positron emission tomography ([18F]FLT-PET) to measure early cytostasis and cytotoxicity induced by cisplatin treatment of radiation-induced fibrosarcoma 1 (RIF-1) tumor-bearing mice. Cisplatin-mediated arrest of tumor cell growth and induction of tumor shrinkage at 24 and 48 hours, respectively, were(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of thymidine kinase 1 (TK1) protein in 3′-deoxy-3′-[18F]fluorothymidine ([18F]FLT) positron emission tomography (PET) studies. We investigated the in vivo kinetics of [18F]FLT in TK1+/− and TK1−/− L5178Y mouse lymphoma tumours that express different levels of TK1 protein. [18F]FLT-derived radioactivity,(More)
To explore the expression of cytosolic thymidine kinase 1 (TK1) as a cell proliferative marker in human breast cancers, immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of TK1 in 52 malignant breast lesions, 20 benign breast lesions, and 16 normal breast tissues. The results were compared to the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA)(More)
Reliable markers for monitoring bladder tumor therapy are needed to evaluate treatment effectiveness. Thymidine kinase 1 (TK1) is an enzyme involved in DNA synthesis and therefore proliferation-dependent. Serum concentration of TK1 (STK1) correlates with malignancy in various types of cancer, thus reflecting treatment results. This study explores for the(More)
Egg yolk is a good source of highly specific antibodies against mammalian antigens because of the phylogenetic distance between birds and mammals. Chicken egg yolk immunoglobulins (IgY) were generated to a synthetic 31-amino acid peptide from the C-terminal of human HeLa thymidine kinase 1 (TK1) enzyme. The anti-TK1 IgY antibody was purified using affinity(More)
Activity of thymidine kinase 1 in serum (STK) is a useful marker for leukaemia and lymphoma, but not for solid tumors. We investigate thymidine kinase 1 concentration in serum (S-TK1) as a potential tumor marker. S-TK1 concentration and STK activity levels were determined in 9 human malignant diseases (breast, gastric, rectal, colorectal, lung, brain(More)
Thymidine kinase 1 (TK1), an enzyme involved in the synthesis of precursors for DNA, and thus proliferation dependent, has been suggested as a good tumour marker. We have recently developed poly/monoclonal antibodies against TK1, which proved useful for diagnostics in both serum and immunohistochemistry of cancer patients. The anti-TK1 monoclonal antibodies(More)
The cytosolic thymidine kinase 1 (TK1) is one of the enzymes involved in DNA replication. Based on biochemical studies, TK1 is activated at late G1 of cell cycle, and its activity correlates with the cell proliferation. We have developed a polyclonal anti-TK1 antibody against a synthetic peptide from the C-terminus of human TK1. Using this antibody, here we(More)