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When a metal undergoes a continuous quantum phase transition, non-Fermi-liquid behaviour arises near the critical point. All the low-energy degrees of freedom induced by quantum criticality are usually assumed to be spatially extended, corresponding to long-wavelength fluctuations of the order parameter. But this picture has been contradicted by the results(More)
We further develop an extended dynamical mean field approach introduced earlier. It goes beyond the standard D = ∞ dynamical mean field theory by incorporating quantum fluctuations associated with intersite (RKKY-like) interactions. This is achieved by scaling the intersite interactions to the same power in 1/D as that for the kinetic terms. In this(More)
This article is aimed at a pedagogical introduction to the physics of quantum phase transitions that is unique to metallic systems. It has been recognized for some time that quantum criticality can result in a breakdown of Landau’s Fermi liquid theory. Its converse, however, has not been appreciated until very recently: non-Fermi liquid behavior can in turn(More)
Quantum phase transitions arise in many-body systems because of competing interactions that promote rivaling ground states. Recent years have seen the identification of continuous quantum phase transitions, or quantum critical points, in a host of antiferromagnetic heavy-fermion compounds. Studies of the interplay between the various effects have revealed(More)
Living with the Atom. By Prof. Ritchie Calder — The author gives his ... contributions to a discussion on responsible reporting. It is difficult for the reporter to steer a course between the attractive liveliness that approaches the sensational, and the dry factual report that few will read ... There is a fear and distrust of scientists, as people who(More)
We consider the iron pnictides in terms of a proximity to a Mott insulator. The superexchange interactions contain competing nearest-neighbor and next-nearest-neighbor components. In the undoped parent compound, these frustrated interactions lead to a two-sublattice collinear antiferromagnet (each sublattice forming a Néel ordering), with a reduced(More)
A quantum critical point (QCP) develops in a material at absolute zero when a new form of order smoothly emerges in its ground state. QCPs are of great current interest because of their singular ability to influence the finite temperature properties of materials. Recently, heavy-fermion metals have played a key role in the study of antiferromagnetic QCPs.(More)
Quantum criticality arises when a macroscopic phase of matter undergoes a continuous transformation at zero temperature. While the collective fluctuations at quantum-critical points are being increasingly recognized as playing an important role in a wide range of quantum materials, the nature of the underlying quantum-critical excitations remains poorly(More)
At a generic quantum critical point, the thermal expansion alpha is more singular than the specific heat c(p). Consequently, the "Grüneisen ratio," Gamma=alpha/c(p), diverges. When scaling applies, Gamma approximately T(-1/(nu z)) at the critical pressure p=p(c), providing a means to measure the scaling dimension of the most relevant operator that pressure(More)