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Sinomenine (SIN) is a purified alkaloid from the Chinese herb Sinomenium acutum. Previous studies demonstrated that SIN possesses anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic properties. We thus in the present report conducted studies to examine its impact on ischemia reperfusion (IR) induced renal injury. Precondition of mice with 200 mg/kg of SIN provided(More)
Candida albicans is a common opportunistic fungal pathogen, causing both superficial candidiasis and life-threatening systemic infections in immune-compromised individuals. Calcium signaling is responsible for this pathogen in responding to several stresses, such as antifungal drugs, alkaline pH and membrane-perturbing agents. Our recent study revealed that(More)
Anaerobic digestion of waste activated sludge usually requires pretreatment procedure to improve the bioavailability of sludge, which involves considerable energy and high expenditures. This study proposes a cost-effective method for enhanced anaerobic digestion of sludge without a pretreatment by directly adding iron into the digester. The results showed(More)
Ferric reductase catalyzes the reduction of ferric iron into ferrous iron and plays an essential role in high-affinity iron acquisition. In this study, we found that the cfl1Δ/Δ (orf19.1263) mutant was not defective in iron acquisition. However, deletion of CFL1 increased cellular iron accumulation by elevating surface ferric reductase activity in Candida(More)
Candida albicans morphogenesis and gastrointestinal colonization are closely associated with the pathogenicity of this pathogen. This study investigated the in vitro and in vivo effect of verapamil, a calcium channel blocker, on these processes. Exposure to ≥ 10 μg mL(-1) verapamil led to a significant decrease of C. albicans hyphal cells. The ability to(More)
The F(1)F(0)-ATP synthase provides approximately 90% of cardiac ATP, yet little is known regarding its regulation under normal or pathological conditions. Previously, we demonstrated that protein kinase Cdelta (PKCdelta) inhibits F(1)F(0) activity via an interaction with the "d" subunit of F(1)F(0)-ATP synthase (dF(1)F(0)) in neonatal cardiac myocytes(More)
microRNAs (miRNAs) have regulated the expression and function of genes implicated in many pathological settings, but their impact on the pathoetiological characteristics of overactive bladder (OAB) largely remains unknown. We have generated a mouse model in which adult mice can be induced for detrusor deletion of Dicer, an enzyme essential for miRNA(More)
Iron is an essential nutrient required for the growth and metabolism in Candida albicans. Here, we for the first time identified Mrs4 as a new member of mitochondrial carrier family in C. albicans. Our experiments revealed that C. albicans Mrs4 (CaMrs4) is localized to the mitochondria and required for mitochondrial morphology. We found that CaMrs4 is(More)
Calcium channels and pumps play important roles in morphogenesis, stress response and virulence in Candida albicans. We hypothesised that verapamil, a potent calcium channel blocker, may display an inhibitory effect on C. albicans biofilms. To test this hypothesis, the in vitro activity of verapamil was evaluated alone and in combination with fluconazole or(More)
BACKGROUND Despite intensive investigation, how DNA methylation influences endothelial function remains poorly understood. We used methyl-CpG-binding domain protein 2 (MBD2), an interpreter for DNA methylome-encoded information, to dissect the impact of DNA methylation on endothelial function in both physiological and pathophysiological states. METHODS(More)