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In this paper, a distribution system is studied, in which a supplier sells a common product through conventional (physical retailer) and e-commerce (e-tailers) channels. We examine two types of Stackelberg pricing games and one type of Nash pricing game in this dual-channel distribution system. We also analyze the effects of several key factors (i.e., the(More)
This paper considers a supply chain system with two competing manufacturers and a single retailer. Each manufacturer produces only one product. These two products are close substitutable. The market demand of each product is based on the difference of quality levels of products and shelf space of each product. The analysis shows that the retailer's optimal(More)
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