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OBJECTIVES Periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) can be used in periodontal regeneration. Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) participates in the regulation of cell proliferation, apoptosis, differentiation, and migration. However, whether TNF-α can affect the biological features of PDLSCs is still unclear. The objective of this study was to illustrate(More)
Copper (Cu) is an important trace element involved in oxidative stress, which is associated with the onset and progression of diabetes mellitus (DM). However, clinical studies comparing plasma or serum Cu levels in patients with DM and in healthy individuals report conflicting findings. Therefore, in this meta-analysis, we analyzed the circulating levels of(More)
BACKGROUND Gingipains are cysteine proteases produced by Porphyromonas gingivalis, the predominant pathogen in chronic periodontitis. The present study aims to examine the role of gingipains in promoting apoptosis in osteoblasts. METHODS Human calvarial osteoblasts and osteoblast MC3T3-E1 cells were treated with 8.348 U/L gingipains. Flow cytometry(More)
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