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Solution processed zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs) with excellent electron transport properties and a low-temperature process is a viable candidate to replace titanium dioxide (TiO2) as electron transport layer to develop high-efficiency perovskite solar cells on flexible substrates. However, the number of reported high-performance perovskite solar(More)
Organic halide salts are successfully incorporated in perovskite-based planar-heterojunction solar cells as both the processing additive and interfacial modifier to improve the morphology of the perovskite light-absorbing layer and the charge collecting property of the cathode. As a result, perovskite solar cells exhibit a significant improvement in power(More)
A new processing protocol based on non-halogenated solvent and additive is developed to produce polymer solar cells with power conversion efficiencies better than those processed from commonly used halogenated solvent-additive pair. Morphology studies show that good performance correlates with a finely distributed nanomorphology with a well-defined polymer(More)
Adding 2-phenoxyethylamine (POEA) into a CH3 NH3 PbBr3 precursor solution can modulate the organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite structure from bulk to layered, with a photoluminescence and electroluminescence shift from green to blue. Meanwhile, POEA can passivate the CH3 NH3 PbBr3 surface and help to obtain a pure CH3 NH3 PbBr3 phase, leading to an(More)
Elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration [CO2] and the change of water distribution in arid and semiarid areas affect plant physiology and ecosystem processes. The interaction of elevated [CO2] and drought results in the complex response such as changes in the energy flux of photosynthesis. The performance of photosystem (PS) II and the electron transport(More)
A polymer/PCBM hybrid electron transport layer is reported that enables high-performance perovskite solar cells with a high power conversion efficiency of 16.2% and with negligible hysteresis. Unlike previous approaches of reducing hysteresis by thermal annealing or fullerene passivation, the success of our approach can be mainly attributed to the doping of(More)
Interface engineering is a critical strategy for improving the performance of both polymer and organometal trihalide perovskite (e.g., CH<sub>3</sub>NH<sub>3</sub>PbI<sub>3</sub>) solar cells. A good interfacial material should fulfill several requirements including 1) good charge selectivity to improve the charge collection efficiency at the corresponding(More)
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