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The Bcl-2 antagonist ABT-737 targets Bcl-2/Bcl-xL, but not Mcl-1, which may confer resistance to this agent in various cancers with high levels of Mcl-1. Here, we showed that the combination of gemcitabine and ABT-737 exhibited synergistic cytotoxicity and induced significant apoptosis in multiple cancer types, including lung, renal, bladder, and prostate(More)
Our previous study demonstrated that celastrol combined with tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL/Apo-2L) exhibited significant synergistic anti-cancer activities, thus we were promoted to investigate the molecular mechanism of this synergy. Here in this study, we show that celastrol up-regulates death receptor 4 (DR4) and 5 (DR5)(More)
Novel therapeutic strategies are needed to address and to solve the emerging problem of hypoxia-induced resistance to anticancer drugs. N-(4-Hydroxyphenyl)retinamide (4-HPR) exhibits potent anticancer and chemopreventive activities, but its inefficiency under hypoxia, through undetermined mechanisms, may contribute to its lack of activity in clinical(More)
The present study demonstrates that the combination of TRAIL/APO-2L and celastrol exerts strong synergistic antiproliferative effect against human cancer cells including ovary cancer OVCAR-8, colon cancer SW620, and lung cancer 95-D, with the combination indices below 0.8. Moreover, the in vivo antitumor efficacy of TRAIL/APO-2L was dramatically increased(More)
The human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) represents biologically aggressive and chemo-resistant cancers. Owing to the low affinity with the apoptotic factor Mcl-1, the BH3 mimetic drug ABT-737 failed to exert potent cancer-killing activities in variety of cancer models including HCC. The current study demonstrated that combining ABT-737 and Celastrol(More)
Malignant tumors remain a significant health threat, with death often occurring as a result of metastasis. Cell adhesion is a crucial step in the metastatic cascade of tumor cells, and interruption of this step is considered to be a logical strategy for prevention and treatment of tumor metastasis. Celastrol(More)
UNLABELLED Acorus calamus L. (AC), family Araceae, have been used in the Indian and Chinese systems of medicine for hundreds of years. The radix of AC is widely used in the therapy of diabetes in traditional folk medicine of America and Indonesia. AIM OF THE STUDY To investigate the insulin sensitizing activity and antidiabetic effects of the ethyl(More)
The present study indicated that the combination of TRAIL/Apo-2L and CA-4 exerted synergistic anti-proliferative effect against human colon carcinoma cells including SW-620 and HCT-116 in vitro. Moreover, the increased anti-tumor efficacy of TRAIL/Apo-2L combined with CA-4 was further validated on SW-620 xenograft model in nude mice. These enhanced(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE The radix of Acorus calamus L. (AC) is widely used in the therapy of diabetes in traditional folk medicine of America and Indonesia, and we previously reported the insulin sensitizing activity of the ethyl acetate fraction of AC (ACE). AIM OF THE STUDY To investigate the insulin releasing and alpha-glucosidase inhibitory(More)
AIM To design and synthesize new arylsubstituted imidazolin-2-one analogues as antitumor compounds. METHODS Arylsubstituted imidazolin-2-ones were prepared by condensation the appropriate omega-amino-acetophenone hydrochloride with arylisocyanate in toluene. The target compounds prepared in this study were tested for cytotoxicity against PC-3, A549,(More)