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The preventive effect of dietary taurine supplementation on glial alterations in retina of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats was examined in this study. Blood glucose content, content of taurine, glutamate and <gamma>-amino butyric acid (GABA) and expression of glial fibrillary acid protein (GFAP), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), glutamate(More)
Hypoxia-induced apoptosis of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) is the major cause of progressive vision loss in numerous retinal diseases, including glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy. Taurine is a naturally occurring free amino acid that has been shown to have neurotrophic and neuroprotective properties in the retina. We investigated the specific potential for(More)
Glutamate is the excitatory neurotransmitter in the retina, but it is neurotoxic in excessive amounts. A decrease in the ability of Müller cells to remove glutamate from the extracellular space may play a crucial role in the disruption of glutamate homeostasis that occurs in the diabetic retina. Previously we have shown that taurine has protective effects(More)
Taurine, a ß-aminosulfonic acid, has been reported to reduce the risk of a number of diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and also perhaps to reduce neurodegeneration in the elderly. The transport of taurine is known to be mediated by taurine transporter (TauT). The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of taurine on glial cells(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether taurine ameliorate the diabetic retinopathy, and to further explore the underlying mechanisms. The Sprague-Dawley rats were injected with streptozotocin to establish experimental diabetic model, then fed without or with 1.2% taurine for additional 4-12 weeks. After that, the protective effects of dietary(More)
PURPOSE Acute hypobaric hypoxia (HH) causes persistent cognitive impairment, affecting memory function specifically. Mitochondrial dysfunction and synaptic morphological change were the prominent pathological features of HH exposure on brain. Quercetin, a flavonoid found in fruits, vegetables, leaves and grains, is reported to prevent ischemia induced by(More)
Skeletal muscle insulin resistance (SMIR) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. Dihydromyricetin (DHM), a natural flavonoid, exerts various bioactivities including anti-oxidative and hepatoprotective effects. Herein, we intended to determine the effect of DHM on SMIR and the underlying mechanisms. We found that DHM increased the(More)
Our previous study has shown that ampelopsin (AMP), a flavonol mainly found in Ampelopsis grossedentata, could induce cell death in human breast cancer cells via reactive oxygen species generation and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress pathway. Here, we examined whether autophagy is activated in AMP-treated breast cancer cells and, if so, sought to find the(More)
The epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a critical developmental program in cancer stem cell (CSC) maintenance and in cancer metastasis. Here, our study found that 3,6-DHF could effectively inhibit EMT in BC cells in vitro and in vivo. 3,6-DHF effectively inhibits the formation and proliferation of BCSCs, and consequently reduces the(More)
AIMS We investigated whether taurine indirectly protects neurons under hypoxia by affecting retinal Müller cells, which are known to play important roles in the regulation of retinal glutamate content. METHODS Retinal cells isolated from rats were exposed to hypoxia for 24 h. We evaluated the retinal neuron survival, glutamate content in cultures with and(More)