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The preventive effect of dietary taurine supplementation on glial alterations in retina of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats was examined in this study. Blood glucose content, content of taurine, glutamate and <gamma>-amino butyric acid (GABA) and expression of glial fibrillary acid protein (GFAP), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), glutamate(More)
BACKGROUND Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is a major health problem worldwide. Resveratrol is a natural polyphenol found in edible plants that has a variety of biochemical and physiological effects. AIMS To evaluate the effect of resveratrol on insulin resistance, glucose and lipid metabolism in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. METHODS(More)
Hypoxia-induced apoptosis of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) is the major cause of progressive vision loss in numerous retinal diseases, including glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy. Taurine is a naturally occurring free amino acid that has been shown to have neurotrophic and neuroprotective properties in the retina. We investigated the specific potential for(More)
The epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a critical developmental program in cancer stem cell (CSC) maintenance and in cancer metastasis. Here, our study found that 3,6-DHF could effectively inhibit EMT in BC cells in vitro and in vivo. 3,6-DHF effectively inhibits the formation and proliferation of BCSCs, and consequently reduces the(More)
We have previously selected a promising anti-cancer agent 3,6-dihydroxyflavone by pharmacodynamic experiments. In the present study, we investigated its pro-apoptosis mechanisms in leukemia HL-60 cell. Our data revealed that 3,6-dihydroxyflavone dose- and time-dependently decreases cell viability and induces apoptosis by activating caspase cascade, cleaving(More)
Accumulating epidemiological evidence suggests that sex steroid hormones are positively associated with the development of breast cancer. However, most of these studies were conducted among Caucasian women and few have been carried out in China. To determine whether the associations of sex steroid hormone levels with breast cancer risk observed by and large(More)
Flavonoids exist extensively in the human diet, and a variety of health effects have been ascribed to them. The cytotoxic effects of 23 flavonoids on breast cancer cells (MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7), colorectal carcinoma cells (LoVo and DLD-1) and prostatic cancer cells (PC3) were investigated. By comparing the cytotoxicity (EC(50)) of selected molecules that(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether taurine ameliorate the diabetic retinopathy, and to further explore the underlying mechanisms. The Sprague-Dawley rats were injected with streptozotocin to establish experimental diabetic model, then fed without or with 1.2% taurine for additional 4–12 weeks. After that, the protective effects of dietary(More)
Glutamate is the excitatory neurotransmitter in the retina, but it is neurotoxic in excessive amounts. A decrease in the ability of Müller cells to remove glutamate from the extracellular space may play a crucial role in the disruption of glutamate homeostasis that occurs in the diabetic retina. Previously we have shown that taurine has protective effects(More)
Taurine, a ß-aminosulfonic acid, has been reported to reduce the risk of a number of diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and also perhaps to reduce neurodegeneration in the elderly. The transport of taurine is known to be mediated by taurine transporter (TauT). The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of taurine on glial cells(More)