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A fully-digital True Random Number Generator (TRNG) measures the frequency difference between two free-running ring oscillators, or in other words the beat frequency, to extract random frequency jitter. For generating a continuous stream of random bits with a high entropy level, the lower significant bits meeting the NIST randomness criteria are(More)
Modern systems-on-a-chip depend heavily on hard intellectual properties, such as standard cell and datapath libraries. As the foundries accelerate their update of advanced processes with increasingly complex design rules, and the libraries grow in flexibility and size, the cost of library development becomes prohibitively high. Automated layout-migration(More)
As semi-supervised classification drawing more attention, many practical semi-supervised learning methods have been proposed. However,one important issue was ignored by current literature–how to estimate the exact size of labelled samples given many unlabelled samples. Such an estimation method is important because of the rareness and expensiveness of(More)
This paper presents a novel method for characterizing the impact of random telegraph noise (RTN) on logic timing margin under sub0.5V supply voltages. The proposed dual ring oscillator array test structure improves the frequency measurement resolutions of the tested-and-proven beat frequency detection (BFD) technique by pairing a ROSC from one array with a(More)
An all-digital 2-tap half-rate time-based decision feedback equalizer (TB-DFE) was demonstrated on a 10mm on-chip serial link. Implemented in a 65nm GP technology, the transmitter and receiver achieve an energy-efficiency of 31.9 and 45.3 fJ/b/mm, respectively, at a data rate of 10Gb/s. A Bit Error Rate (BER) less than 10-12 was verified for an eye width of(More)
A DRAM based Physical Unclonable Function (PUF) utilizing the location of weak retention cells is demonstrated in 65nm CMOS. A new authentication scheme is proposed for the DRAM PUF where a random pattern is written to a small section of the DRAM and then retention failures are induced. To further increase the number of Challenge Response Pairs (CPRs), the(More)
The objective of the study was to explore the effects of olanzapine–fluoxetine combination (OFC) treatment of major depressive disorders on the quality of life in the acute treatment period. Methods were prospective and observational design. One hundred and three patients of major depressive disorders were observed. One group of 53 patients received OFC(More)
A compact 2 Transistor (2T) radiation sensor with a tunable measurement sensitivity was implemented in a 65nm LP bulk process. Alpha radiation tests show a 117X higher crosssection area per cell for the proposed sensor as compared to a 6T SRAM test structure. The critical Linear Energy Transfer (LET)of the proposed 2T sensor was estimated to(More)