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O-linked-ß-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) modification is a crucial post-translational modification. The enzymes responsible for the addition and removal of O-GlcNAc have been identified as O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) and O-GlcNAcase (OGA). In this study, O-GlcNAcylation level was examined in forty hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues of patients who(More)
To date, the widely used genome-wide association studies (GWASs) of the human genome have reported thousands of variants that are significantly associated with various human traits. However, in the vast majority of these cases, the causal variants responsible for the observed associations remain unknown. In order to facilitate the identification of causal(More)
Although there are many methods available for inferring copy-number variants (CNVs) from next-generation sequence data, there remains a need for a system that is computationally efficient but that retains good sensitivity and specificity across all types of CNVs. Here, we introduce a new method, estimation by read depth with single-nucleotide variants(More)
BACKGROUND In 2010, China experienced the largest outbreak on record of Enterovirus 71 (EV71)-associated Hand Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD) with more than 1.7 million cases, 27,000 patients with severe neurological complications and 905 deaths. Understanding of the seroprevalence of neutralizing antibodies (NAb) against EV71 and their protective role(More)
Interleukin (IL)-17A plays important roles in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-induced liver diseases. This study aims to investigate IL17A single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and the predispositions to chronic HBV infection and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) risk and the correlations to IL-17A and IgE levels. Three hundred ninety-five chronic HBV patients, 75(More)
Hepatitis C virus is a major cause of chronic liver disease worldwide. Xanthohumol, a prenylated flavonoid from hops, has various biological activities including an antiviral effect. It was previously characterized as a compound that inhibits bovine viral diarrhea virus, a surrogate model of hepatitis C virus. In the present work, xanthohumol was examined(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in Tupaia belangeri (Tupaia) represents an important model of HCV infection. Xanthohumol (XN), a major prenylated chalcone from hops, has various biological activities including hepatopreventive and anti-viral activities. In this study, Tupaias infected with HCV RNA positive serum were used to evaluate the effects of XN on(More)
We developed a knowledge-based statistical energy function for protein-ligand, protein-protein, and protein-DNA complexes by using 19 atom types and a distance-scale finite ideal-gas reference (DFIRE) state. The correlation coefficients between experimentally measured protein-ligand binding affinities and those predicted by the DFIRE energy function are(More)
The treatment of interferon alfa (IFN-α) and ribavirin for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection achieves limited sustained virological response (SVR). We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the efficacy of adding statins to IFN-α and ribavirin therapy for chronic hepatitis C. Studies with data pertinent to the effect of statins(More)
Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) plays a pivotal role in regulating T cell activation, which is believably critical for the outcome of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. The expression and function of CTLA-4 may be affected by gene polymorphisms. This study investigated the influence of CTLA-4 polymorphisms on disease susceptibility in(More)