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O-linked-ß-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) modification is a crucial post-translational modification. The enzymes responsible for the addition and removal of O-GlcNAc have been identified as O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) and O-GlcNAcase (OGA). In this study, O-GlcNAcylation level was examined in forty hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues of patients who(More)
Although there are many methods available for inferring copy-number variants (CNVs) from next-generation sequence data, there remains a need for a system that is computationally efficient but that retains good sensitivity and specificity across all types of CNVs. Here, we introduce a new method, estimation by read depth with single-nucleotide variants(More)
To date, the widely used genome-wide association studies (GWASs) of the human genome have reported thousands of variants that are significantly associated with various human traits. However, in the vast majority of these cases, the causal variants responsible for the observed associations remain unknown. In order to facilitate the identification of causal(More)
Interleukin (IL)-17A plays important roles in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-induced liver diseases. This study aims to investigate IL17A single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and the predispositions to chronic HBV infection and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) risk and the correlations to IL-17A and IgE levels. Three hundred ninety-five chronic HBV patients, 75(More)
Hepatitis C virus is a major cause of chronic liver disease worldwide. Xanthohumol, a prenylated flavonoid from hops, has various biological activities including an antiviral effect. It was previously characterized as a compound that inhibits bovine viral diarrhea virus, a surrogate model of hepatitis C virus. In the present work, xanthohumol was examined(More)
BACKGROUND In 2010, China experienced the largest outbreak on record of Enterovirus 71 (EV71)-associated Hand Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD) with more than 1.7 million cases, 27,000 patients with severe neurological complications and 905 deaths. Understanding of the seroprevalence of neutralizing antibodies (NAb) against EV71 and their protective role(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in Tupaia belangeri (Tupaia) represents an important model of HCV infection. Xanthohumol (XN), a major prenylated chalcone from hops, has various biological activities including hepatopreventive and anti-viral activities. In this study, Tupaias infected with HCV RNA positive serum were used to evaluate the effects of XN on(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Interferon-alfa (IFN)-related cytopenias are common and may be dose-limiting. We performed a genome wide association study on a well-characterized genotype 1 HCV cohort to identify genetic determinants of peginterferon-α (pegIFN)-related thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, and leukopenia. METHODS 1604/3070 patients in the IDEAL study(More)
We developed a knowledge-based statistical energy function for protein-ligand, protein-protein, and protein-DNA complexes by using 19 atom types and a distance-scale finite ideal-gas reference (DFIRE) state. The correlation coefficients between experimentally measured protein-ligand binding affinities and those predicted by the DFIRE energy function are(More)
Programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) is involved in hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, the leading cause of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) worldwide. Single-nucleotide polymorphism, rs10204525, located in the PD1 3' untranslated regions (UTR), is associated with chronic HBV infection. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate gene expression via specific binding to the target(More)