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We propose a dimensionality reduction technique for time series analysis that significantly improves the efficiency and accuracy of similarity searches. In contrast to piecewise constant approximation (PCA) techniques that approximate each time series with constant value segments, the proposed method--Piecewise Vector Quantized Approximation--uses the(More)
Our previous studies have demonstrated that stable microRNAs (miRNAs) in mammalian serum and plasma are actively secreted from tissues and cells and can serve as a novel class of biomarkers for diseases, and act as signaling molecules in intercellular communication. Here, we report the surprising finding that exogenous plant miRNAs are present in the sera(More)
Location is a fundamental service for mobile computing. Typical GPS receivers, although widely available, consume too much energy to be useful for many applications. Observing that in many sensing scenarios, the location information can be post-processed when the data is uploaded to a server, we design a Cloud-Offloaded GPS (CO-GPS) solution that allows a(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of noncoding RNAs that regulate target gene expression at the posttranscriptional level. Here, we report that secreted miRNAs can serve as signaling molecules mediating intercellular communication. In human blood cells and cultured THP-1 cells, miR-150 was selectively packaged into microvesicles (MVs) and actively secreted.(More)
It is well observed that usually the run-length of successive zero coefficients becomes longer and the magnitude of non-zero coefficients gets smaller while the DCT subband frequency increases. So the probability distributions of level/run combinations should be different at different DCT positions. Based on this observation, an efficient context based(More)
In this paper, a novel method for learning based image super resolution (SR) is presented. The basic idea is to bridge the gap between a set of low resolution (LR) images and the corresponding high resolution (HR) image using both the SR reconstruction constraint and a patch based image synthesis constraint in a general probabilistic framework. We show that(More)
Eleven Lactobacillus plantarum strains isolated from traditional Chinese fermented foods were investigated for their in vitro scavenging activity against hydroxyl and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radicals, and their resistance to hydrogen peroxide. L. plantarum C88 at a dose of 10(10) CFU/ml showed the highest hydroxyl radical and DPPH(More)