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CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE Approximately 15% of thyroid cancer patients develop subsequent metastases. The clinical course of patients with metastatic thyroid carcinoma is highly variable. We hypothesized that the metabolic activity of metastatic lesions, as defined by retention of 2-[(18)F]fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (FDG), would correlate with prognosis. (More)
Studies have highlighted the importance of histone deacetylase (HDAC)-mediated epigenetic processes in the development of diabetic complications. Inhibitors of HDAC are a novel class of therapeutic agents in diabetic nephropathy, but currently available inhibitors are mostly nonselective inhibit multiple HDACs, and different HDACs serve very distinct(More)
This study investigated fecal specimens from 489 sheep and 537 cattle in multiple cities in northeast China for the prevalence and genetic characteristics of Enterocytozoon bieneusi by PCR and sequencing of the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer. Sixty-eight sheep specimens (13.9%) and 32 cattle specimens (6.0%) were positive for E. bieneusi. Sequence(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of high-fat feeding on the expression and activity of AMPK in rats' skeletal muscle. METHODS Total 40 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups and received either a rat maintenance diet (Control group) or an isocaloric rich-fat diet (HF group and MET group) for five months. Metformin was administered(More)
We hypothesized earlier that conserved T cell epitopes and those unique to mouse thyroglobulin (MTg) contributed to its total thyroiditogenicity in murine autoimmune thyroiditis. Recent studies of synthetic peptides from human Tg (HTg) revealed no immunodominant epitopes. The role of iodine residues, considered by some to render Tg immunogenic, became(More)
This study investigated 319 fecal specimens of cats (n=52) and dogs (n=267) from Heilongjiang province, China for the prevalence and genetic characteristics of Cryptosporidium, Enterocytozoon bieneusi, and Giardia duodenalis. PCR and DNA sequence analysis of the small subunit rRNA gene identified C. felis and C. parvum in one cat each (3.8%) and C. canis(More)
The sole effect of either saturated fatty acid or moderate ethanol consumption on SLC2A4 (GLUT4) expression is widely reported but the combined effects of them remain obscure. Here, we observed their combined effects on SLC2A4 expression, explored the underlying mechanism mediated by AMP-activated protein kinase alpha (PRKAA2) and myocyte enhancer factor 2(More)
Enterocytozoon bieneusi is a well-known causative agent of microsporidial infections in a variety of mammal hosts including humans in China, whereas there were no epidemiological data on wild animals bred in captivity, and the role of the neglected hosts in transmission of zoonotic microsporidiasis remains unknown. Herein, we investigated feces from 191(More)
Progranulin (PGRN), an autocrine growth factor, has multiple physiological functions and is widely involved in the pathogenesis of many types of diseases. The pivotal anti-inflammatory function of PGRN in rheumatoid arthritis encouraged us to examine the role of PGRN in acute kidney injury (AKI). We found that levels of PGRN were significantly reduced in(More)
A few synthetic peptides corresponding to amino acid sequences on human thyroglobulin (Tg) have been reported to induce moderate thyroiditis or activate mouse Tg (MTg)-primed T cells to transfer thyroiditis in mice susceptible to experimental autoimmune thyroiditis. Using three pairs of 12-mer peptides (1-12, 2549-2560, 2559-2570), with thyroxine (T4) or(More)