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Intracellular detection of RNA virus infection is mediated by the RNA helicase RIG-I, which is recruited to mitochondria by the adaptor protein MAVS and triggers activation of the transcription factors NF-kappaB, IRF3 and IRF7. Here we demonstrate that virus-induced activation of IRF3 and IRF7 depended on the NF-kappaB modulator NEMO, which acted 'upstream'(More)
Serum response factor (SRF) binds a 1216-fold degenerate cis element known as the CArG box. CArG boxes are found primarily in muscle- and growth-factor-associated genes although the full spectrum of functional CArG elements in the genome (the CArGome) has yet to be defined. Here we describe a genome-wide screen to further define the functional mammalian(More)
Epithelial cells of the lung are the primary targets for respiratory viruses. Virus-carried single-stranded RNA (ssRNA) can activate Toll-like receptors (TLRs) 7 and 8, whereas dsRNA is bound by TLR3 and a cytoplasmic RNA helicase, retinoic acid-inducible protein I (RIG-I). This recognition leads to the activation of host cell cytokine gene expression. Here(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have recently been proposed as a versatile class of molecules involved in regulation of a variety of biological processes. However, the role of miRNAs in TGF-beta-regulated biological processes is poorly addressed. In this study, we found that miR-24 was upregulated during myoblast differentiation and could be inhibited by TGF-beta1.(More)
INTRODUCTION To study the possible anti-inflammatory effect of hydrogen-rich saline (H(2) saline) on rat hearts with regional myocardial ischemia and reperfusion (I/R). METHODS Sixty-six rats were equally randomized to three groups: sham-operated group, I/R group (control group) and I/R plus H(2) saline treatment group. Myocardial I/R was established by(More)
Intracellular RNA virus infection is detected by the cytoplasmic RNA helicase RIG-I that plays an essential role in signaling to the host antiviral response. Recently, the adapter molecule that links RIG-I sensing of incoming viral RNA to downstream signaling and gene activation events was characterized by four different groups; MAVS/IPS-1-1/VISA/Cardif(More)
The mutations in the gene encoding copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1) cause approximately 20% cases of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS), characterized by selective loss of motor neurons. Mutant SOD1 forms inclusions in tissues from FALS patients. However, the precise mechanism of the accumulation of mutant SOD1 remains unclear. Here we(More)
PURPOSE To investigate expression, regulation, potential role and targets of miR-195 and miR-497 in breast cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The expression patterns of miR-195 and miR-497 were initially examined in breast cancer tissues and cell lines by Northern blotting and quantitative real-time PCR. Combined bisulfite restriction analysis and bisulfite(More)
Protective effect of hydrogen (H(2)) gas on cardiac ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury has been demonstrated previously. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that hydrogen-rich saline (saline saturated with molecular hydrogen), which is easy to use, induces cardioprotection against ischemia (30 min) and reperfusion (24 h) injury in rats. Adult male(More)
Activation of the interferon regulatory factors (IRFs) 3 and 7 transcription factors is essential for the induction of type I interferon (IFN) and development of the innate antiviral response. Retinoic acid-inducible gene I has been shown to contribute to virus-induced IFN production independent of the Toll-like receptor pathways in response to a variety of(More)