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Quality-of-service (QoS) is a key problem of today's IP networks. Many frameworks (IntServ, DiffServ, MPLS etc.) have been proposed to provide service differentiation in the Internet. At the same time, the Internet is becoming more and more heterogeneous due to the recent explosion of wireless networks. In wireless environments, bandwidth is scarce and(More)
— This paper describes an adaptive service differentiation scheme for QoS enhancement in IEEE 802.11 wireless ad-hoc networks. Our approach, called Adaptive Enhanced Distributed Coordination Function (AEDCF), is derived from the new EDCF introduced in the upcoming IEEE 802.11e standard. Our scheme aims to share the transmission channel efficiently. Relative(More)
In upcoming very high-speed wireless LANs (WLANs), the physical (PHY) layer rate may reach 600 Mbps. To achieve high efficiency at the medium access control (MAC) layer, we identify fundamental properties that must be satisfied by any CSMA-/CA-based MAC layers and develop a novel scheme called aggregation with fragment retransmission (AFR) that exhibits(More)
Automatic rate adaptation in CSMA/CA wireless networks may cause drastic throughput degradation for high speed bit rate stations (STAs). The CSMA/CA medium access method guarantees equal long-term channel access probability to all hosts when they are saturated. In previous work it has been shown that the saturation throughput of any STA is limited by the(More)
It is well known that the medium access control (MAC) layer is the main bottleneck for the IEEE 802.11 wireless LANs. Much work has been done on performance analysis of the 802.11 MAC. However, most of them assume that the wireless channel is error-free. In this paper , we investigate the saturation throughput performance achieved at the MAC layer, in both(More)
— The emerging widespread use of real-time multi-media applications over wireless networks makes the support of Quality of Service (QoS) a key problem. In this paper, we focus on QoS support mechanisms for IEEE 802.11 Wireless ad-hoc networks. First, we review limitations of the upcoming IEEE 802.11e Enhanced DCF (EDCF) and other enhanced MAC schemes that(More)
Understanding how specific cyclic AMP (cAMP) signals are organized and relayed to their effectors in different compartments of the cell to achieve functional specificity requires molecular tools that allow precise manipulation of cAMP in these compartments. Here we characterize a new method using bicarbonate-activatable and genetically targetable soluble(More)