Qiang Meng

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Efflux of monocaroxylates like lactate, pyruvate, and ketone bodies from astrocytes through monocarboxylate transporter 4 (MCT4) supplies the local neuron population with metabolic intermediates to meet energy requirements under conditions of increased demand. Disruption of this astroglial-neuron metabolic coupling pathway may contribute to epileptogenesis.(More)
Urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) is a glycosyl phosphatidylinositol-anchored protein involved in cell adhesion, proliferation, differentiation, migration, invasion, and tissue repair and remodeling. Our aim was to investigate uPAR expression in the frontal cortex of patients with intractable frontal lobe epilepsy and to explore the(More)
To investigate protective effects of alisol B 23-acetate (AB23A) against hepatotoxity and cholestasis induced by 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE) in association with farnesoid X receptor (FXR) activation in vivo and in vitro. The cholestatic liver injury model was established by subcutaneous injections of EE in C57BL/6 mice. Serum biomarkers, bile flow assay and(More)
Bestatin, a dipeptide, a low molecular weight aminopeptidase inhibitor, has been demonstrated to be an immunomodulator with an antitumor activity. However, the transporter-mediated renal excretion of bestatin is not fully understood. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the transporter-mediated renal excretion mechanism for bestatin. The plasma(More)
Investigating the hepatoprotective effect of calycosin against acute liver injury in association with FXR activation and STAT3 phosphorylation. The acute liver injury model was established by intraperitoneal injection of CCl4 in C57BL/6 mice. Serum alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, HE staining and TUNEL assay were used to identify the(More)
The chronic mild stress (CMS) protocol is widely used to evoke depression-like behaviors in the laboratory. Some animals exposed to CMS are resistant to the development of anhedonia, whereas the remaining are responsive, CMS-resilient and CMS-sensitive, respectively. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of chronic stress on oxidative parameters(More)
To conduct in vivo and in vitro experiments to investigate puerarin (PUR), an isoflavone C-glyoside, and elucidate its ability to alter methotrexate (MTX) transport and pharmacokinetics. In vivo absorption studies, in vitro everted intestinal sac preparation, kidney slices in rats and bi-directional transport assay with mock-/MDCK-MDR1 cells, uptake studies(More)
Cyclo-trans-4-L-hydroxyprolyl-L-serine (JBP485) is a dipeptide with anti-hepatitis activity that has been chemically synthesized. Previous experiments in rats showed that JBP485 was well absorbed by the intestine after oral administration. The human peptide transporter (PEPT1) is expressed in the intestine and recognizes compounds such as dipeptides and(More)
BACKGROUND Acyclovir is acyclic guanosine derivative. Benzylpenicillin (PCG) is a β-lactam antibiotic. The purpose of this study was to investigate the pharmacokinetic drug-drug interaction (DDI) between PCG and acyclovir. METHOD When acyclovir and PCG were co-administered, plasma concentration of acyclovir, urinary excretion of acyclovir in vivo, uptake(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS A recent study demonstrates that pro-inflammatory cytokines (PICs, i.e., IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α) in specific brain regions of rats play a role in regulating kainic acid (KA)-induced status epilepticus (SE) via a GABAergic mechanism. The purposes of this report were to examine contributions of hypoxia inducible factor subtype 1α (HIF-1α) to(More)