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The objective of this study was to clarify the mechanism underlying hepatic uptake of dioscin (diosgenyl 2,4-di-O-a-L-rhamnopyranosyl-p-D-glucopyranoside), an herbal ingredient with antihepatitis activity, in rats and humans. The liver uptake index (LUI) in vivo, perfused rat liver in situ, rat liver slices, isolated rat hepatocytes, and human organic(More)
A new hypocrellin A-producing strain, Shiraia sp. SUPER-H168, was isolated from tissues of bamboo, Brachystachyum densiflorum. The morphology of this strain was characterized with a light microscope and a scanning electronic microscope. The mycelia, conidia, pycnidia of fungus were observed. Small pycnidia (10-20 microm in length) full of small conidia(More)
Cefditoren, a third generation cephalosporin antibiotics, has been used in clinics extensively. Previous results have indicated that cefditoren is excreted into bile as unchanged form. To investigate whether canalicular membrane transporters of hepatocytes were involved in the biliary excretion of cefditoren, we examined the hepatobiliary disposition of(More)
Alpha-lipoic acid (ALA), a naturally occurring compound and dietary supplement, has been established as a potent antioxidant that is a strong scavenger of free radicals. Recently, accumulating evidences has indicated the relationship between oxidative stress and osteoporosis (OP). Some studies have investigated the possible beneficial effects of ALA on OP(More)
Efflux of monocaroxylates like lactate, pyruvate, and ketone bodies from astrocytes through monocarboxylate transporter 4 (MCT4) supplies the local neuron population with metabolic intermediates to meet energy requirements under conditions of increased demand. Disruption of this astroglial-neuron metabolic coupling pathway may contribute to epileptogenesis.(More)
AIM Inflammation and oxidative stress are now recognized to be two important contributing factors to the development of atherosclerosis(AS). NADPH oxidase-4 (Nox4)-derived reactive oxygen species(ROS), NF-κB and MAPK play crucial roles in these processes. Luteolin, a flavone rich in many plants, can interrupt the molecular expression and inhibit the(More)
Effective intervehicle communication is fundamental to a decentralized traffic information system based on mobile ad hoc vehicle networks. Here we model the information propagation process through inter-vehicle communication when the vehicle headway follows a general distribution. Equations for the expected value and variance of propagation distance are(More)
We investigated whether entecavir is a substrate of the oligopeptide transporter 2 (PEPT2) and whether reabsorption of entecavir is mediated by PEPT2 as well as what is the contribution of PEPT2 to entecavir reabsorption during urinary excretion. Entecavir uptake in transfected cells and rat kidney slices, changes in urine entecavir concentrations following(More)
Melatonin confers cardioprotective effect against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury by reducing oxidative stress. Activation of silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1) signaling also reduces MI/R injury. We hypothesize that melatonin may protect against MI/R injury by activating SIRT1 signaling. This study investigated the protective effect of(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the ameliorating effect of dioscin (1) on multidrug resistance (MDR) in adriamycin (ADR)-resistant erythroleukemic cells (K562/adriamycin, K562/ADR) and to clarify the molecular mechanisms involved. High levels of multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1) mRNA and protein and reduced ADR retention were found in K562/ADR(More)