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Visual connections to the mammalian forebrain are known to be patterned by neural activity, but it remains unknown whether the map topography of such higher sensory projections depends on axon guidance labels. Here, we show complementary expression and binding for the receptor EphA5 in mouse retina and its ligands ephrin-A2 and ephrin-A5 in multiple retinal(More)
Transmembrane B ephrins and their Eph receptors signal bidirectionally. However, neither the cell biological effects nor signal transduction mechanisms of the reverse signal are well understood. We describe a cytoplasmic protein, PDZ-RGS3, which binds B ephrins through a PDZ domain, and has a regulator of heterotrimeric G protein signaling (RGS) domain.(More)
Characterization of neural promoter/enhancers is essential for understanding gene regulation during brain development and provides useful genetic tools. However, it relies on the use of transgenic mice. We report a method for the rapid in vivo analysis of neural promoter/enhancers in the developing mouse brain and its application in the isolation of the(More)
IkappaB kinases (IKKs) IKK1 and IKK2 are two putative IkappaBalpha kinases involved in NF-kappaB activation. To examine the in vivo functions of IKK1, we generated IKK1-deficient mice. The mutant mice are perinatally lethal and exhibit a wide range of developmental defects. Newborn mutant mice have shiny, taut, and sticky skin without whiskers. Histological(More)
Best-first search is one of the most fundamental techniques for planning. A heuristic function is used in best-first search to guide the search. A well-observed phenomenon on best-first search for planning is that for most of the time during search, it explores a large number of states without reducing the heuristic function value. This phenomenon, called "(More)
As axons grow past intermediate targets, they change their responsiveness to guidance cues. Local upregulation of receptor expression is involved, but the mechanisms for this are not clear. Here protein synthesis is traced within individual axons by introducing RNAs encoding visualizable reporters. Individual severed axons and growth cones can translate(More)
In the long-range neuronal migration of adult mammals, young neurons travel from the subventricular zone to the olfactory bulb, a long journey (millimeters to centimeters, depending on the species). How can these neurons migrate through the dense meshwork of neuronal and glial processes of the adult brain parenchyma? Previous studies indicate that young(More)
Delta-catenin (or neural plakophilin-related arm-repeat protein/neurojungin) is primarily a brain specific member of the p120(ctn) subfamily of armadillo/beta-catenin proteins that play important roles in neuronal development. Our previous studies have shown that the ectopic expression of delta-catenin induces the formation of dendrite-like extensions and(More)
Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) has been implicated as one of the susceptibility genes for temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Previous studies indicate that ApoE ɛ4 is associated with several disease-related traits including the increased risk of late posttraumatic seizures, earlier onset of TLE, refractory complex partial seizures, and postictal confusion.(More)