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BACKGROUND Staphylococcus epidermidis (SE) has emerged as one of the most important causes of nosocomial infections. The SaeRS two-component signal transduction system (TCS) influences virulence and biofilm formation in Staphylococcus aureus. The deletion of saeR in S. epidermidis results in impaired anaerobic growth and decreased nitrate utilization.(More)
It has been reported that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can transdifferentiate into Schwann cell-like cells by a series of treatments with a reducing agent, retinoic acid and a combination of trophic factors in vitro, and can transdifferentiate into myelin-forming cells to repair the demyelinated rat spinal cord in vivo. We now report that when co-cultured(More)
Because there is no effective antibiotic to eradicate Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilm infections that lead to the failure of medical device implantations, the development of anti-biofilm vaccines is necessary. Biofilm formation by S. epidermidis requires accumulation-associated protein (Aap) that contains sequence repeats known as G5 domains, which are(More)
The proposed feature selection method aims to find a minimum subset of the most informative variables for classifi-cation/regression by efficiently approximating the Markov Blanket which is a set of variables that can shield a certain variable from the target. Instead of relying on the conditional independence test or network structure learning, the new(More)
Graph is an important data structure to model complex structural data, such as chemical compounds, proteins, and XML documents. Among many graph data-based applications, sub-graph search is a key problem, which is defined as given a query Q, retrieving all graphs containing Q as a sub-graph in the graph database. Most existing sub-graph search methods try(More)
BACKGROUND Staphylococcus epidermidis has emerged as one of the most important nosocomial pathogens, mainly because of its ability to colonize implanted biomaterials by forming a biofilm. Extensive studies are focused on the molecular mechanisms involved in biofilm formation. The LytSR two-component regulatory system regulates autolysis and biofilm(More)
—Genome-wide analysis of single nucleotide polymor-phisms (SNP) can potentially be helpful in exploring the role of genetic variability in drug therapy. However, two major problems with such an analysis are the need for a large number of interrogated genomes, and the resulting high-dimensional data where the number of SNPs used as features is much larger(More)
Due to its ability to form biofilms on medical devices, Staphylococcus epidermidis has emerged as a major pathogen of nosocomial infections. In this study, we investigated the role of the two-component signal transduction system ArlRS in regulating S. epidermidis biofilm formation. An ArlRS-deficient mutant, WW06, was constructed using S. epidermidis strain(More)