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Free fatty acids display diverse effects as signalling molecules through GPCRs in addition to their involvement in cellular metabolism. GPR120, a G protein-coupled receptor for long-chain unsaturated fatty acids, has been reported to mediate adipogenesis in lipid metabolism. However, whether GPR120 also mediates osteogenesis and regulates BMMSCs remain(More)
The regressive biological function of human bone marrow‑derived mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) is one of the key factors resulting in the decrease of bone mass in senile osteoporosis. MicroRNAs (miRs) are non‑coding small RNAs involved in various gene regulation processes. Whether any miR(s) are involved in the progression of osteoporosis by regulating the(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are a significant pathogenic factor of osteoporosis. Ginsenoside-Rb2 (Rb2), a 20(S)-protopanaxadiol glycoside extracted from ginseng, is a potent antioxidant that generates interest regarding the bone metabolism area. We tested the potential anti-osteoporosis effects of Rb2 and its underlying mechanism in this study. We(More)
Whether glucocorticoids directly enhance or interrupt osteoclastogenesis is still a controversial subject. In this study, we ascertained the dose-dependent positive effects of glucocorticoids on osteoclastogenesis in vivo and in vitro as well as investigated the mechanism in vitro. As the dose of glucocorticoids increased, osteoclastogenesis was stimulated(More)
Apoptosis of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) is an essential pathogenic factor of osteoporosis. Ginsenoside-Rb2 (Rb2), a 20(S)-protopanaxadiol glycoside extracted from ginseng, is a potent treatment for bone loss, which raises interest regarding the bone metabolism area. In the present study, we found that dose-response Rb2 inhibited(More)
Estrogen plays an essential role in bone formation, and estrogen modulation dysfunction is tightly associated with postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP). The underlying mechanisms of estrogen-mediated osteogenic differentiation have not been well defined. In this study, murine bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells were induced to undergo osteogenic(More)
BACKGROUND Femoral neck fracture is one of the common clinical traumas, especially amongst elder patients. This study aims to test, compare and evaluate the bone-screw interface strengths, the fatigue strengths, and the stabilities of our newly designed expansive cannulated screw (ECS) and the common cannulated compression screw (CCS) in the fixation of(More)
Long-term use of glucocorticoids is a widespread clinical problem, which currently has no effective solution other than discontinuing the use. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), an omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 PUFA), which is largely contained in fish or fish oil, has been reported to promote cell viability and improve bone metabolism.(More)
BACKGROUND The surgical management of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in older children has been the subject of controversy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome in patients with neglected DDH who underwent individual procedures based on using three-dimensional computed tomography. METHODS Forty-seven patients (59 hips) were(More)
Multiple osteochondromas (MO) is an autosomal-dominant disorder and mutations in EXT1 and EXT2 account up to 78% of the cases studied, including missense, nonsense, frameshift, and splice-site mutations. EXT1 and EXT2 encode glycosyltransferases required for the synthesis of heparan sulfate (HS) chains. The molecular pathogenesis underlying these mutations(More)