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A multifunctional sialyltransferase has been cloned from Pasteurella multocida strain P-1059 and expressed in E. coli as a truncated C-terminal His6-tagged recombinant protein (tPm0188Ph). Biochemical studies indicate that the obtained protein is (1) an alpha2,3-sialyltransferase (main function), (2) an alpha2,6-sialyltransferase, (3) an alpha2,3-sialidase,(More)
In vitro glycorandomization (IVG) technology is dependent upon the ability to rapidly synthesize sugar phosphates. Compared with chemical synthesis, enzymatic (kinase) routes to sugar phosphates would be attractive for this application. This work focuses upon the development of a high-throughput colorimetric galactokinase (GalK) assay and its application(More)
BACKGROUND Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is the main causative agent of Hand, Foot and Mouth disease (HFMD) and is associated with severe neurologic complications and mortalities. At present, there is no vaccine or therapeutic available for treatment. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDING In this study, we generated two mAbs, denoted as mAb 51 and 53, both targeting the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate changes of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) during radioiodine 131 ((131)I) therapy and whether NF-κB inhibition could enhance (131)I-induced apoptosis in differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) cells in a synergistic manner. METHODS Three human DTC cell lines were used. NF-κB inhibition was achieved by using a NF-κB inhibitor (Bay(More)
Extensive data indicate that miR-21 plays a critical role in gliomagenesis, however, knowledge is limited on the mechanism of action of miR-21, including cell proliferation, apoptosis, and migration. In this study, we showed that down-regulation of miR-21 expression by antisense oligonucleotides inhibited glioma cell proliferation and induced cell(More)
A series of N-alkyl-N'-hydroxyguanidine compounds have recently been characterized as non-amino acid substrates for all three nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms which mimic NO formation from N(omega)-hydroxy-L-arginine. Crystal structures of the nNOS heme domain complexed with either N-isopropyl-N'-hydroxyguanidine or N-butyl-N'-hydroxyguanidine reveal(More)
Porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2), open reading frame 3 (ORF3) codes a 105 amino acid protein that causes apoptosis of PCV2 infected cells. In infected cells, the ORF3 causes the accumulation of p53 by interacting with pPirh2 and possibly by disrupting the association of p53 and pPirh2 (J.Virol.81(2007)9560). Mutant PCV2 lacking the expression of ORF3 are(More)
The nature of influenza virus to randomly mutate and evolve into new types with diverse antigenic determinants is an important challenge in the control of influenza infection. Particularly, variations within the amino acid sequences of major neutralizing epitopes of influenza virus hemagglutinin (HA) hindered the development of universal vaccines against(More)
OBJECTIVES Technetium-99m (Tc)-sestamibi is the current radionuclide of choice for parathyroid localization in primary hyperparathyroidism (PH). However, there are only sporadic reports about brown tumor visualization in whole-body Tc-sestamibi scans. This study aimed to systematically evaluate brown tumor uptake in whole-body Tc-sestamibi scans and in(More)
O128 is one of the most common atypical enteropathogenic Escherichia coli isolated from diarrhea patients worldwide. The primary structure of E. coli O128 repeat units has previously been determined as -->3)-beta-D-GalNAc-(1-->4)-alpha-D-Gal-(1-->3)-beta-D-GalNAc-(1-->6)-[alpha-L-Fuc-(1-->2)]-beta-D-Gal-(1--> pentasaccharide. Here we report the complete(More)