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Chlorella pyrenoidosa was cultivated under photoautotrophic, mixotrophic and cyclic light-autotrophic/dark-heterotrophic conditions. The influence of light on the carbon and energy metabolism of microalgae was investigated by the use of metabolic flux analysis. The respiratory activity of microalgae in the light was assessed from the autotrophic flux(More)
Using the carbon isotope labeling technique, the response of cyanobacterial central carbon metabolism to the change in environmental conditions was investigated. Synechocystis was grown in the heterotrophic and mixotrophic cultures fed with 13C-labeled glucose. The labeling patterns of the amino acids in biomass hydrolysates for both cultures were detected(More)
The responses of Escherichia coli central carbon metabolism to knockout mutations in phosphoglucose isomerase and glucose-6-phosphate (G6P) dehydrogenase genes were investigated by using glucose- and ammonia-limited chemostats. The metabolic network structures and intracellular carbon fluxes in the wild type and in the knockout mutants were characterized by(More)
Studies of steady-state metabolic fluxes in Escherichia coli grown in nutrient-limited chemostat cultures suggest remarkable flux alterations in response to changes of growth-limiting nutrient in the medium (Hua et al., J. Bacteriol. 185:7053-7067, 2003). To elucidate the physiological adaptation of cells to the nutrient condition through the flux change(More)
The gluconeogenic phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) carboxykinase is active in Escherichia coli during its growth on glucose. The present study investigated the influence of growth rates and PEP carboxykinase knockout on the anaplerotic fluxes in E. coli. The intracellular fluxes were determined using the complementary methods of flux ratio analysis and metabolic(More)
In comparison with intensive studies of genetic mechanisms related to biological evolutionary systems, much less analysis has been conducted on metabolic network responses to adaptive evolution that are directly associated with evolved metabolic phenotypes. Metabolic mechanisms involved in laboratory evolution of Escherichia coli on gluconeogenic carbon(More)
A method for metabolic flux determination by carbon labeling experiments is described. The cells were grown on 13C-labeled substrate, and the labeling patterns of the amino acids in biomass hydrolysate were measured using two dimensional 1H-13C correlation nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (2D 1H-13C COSY NMR) and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry(More)
Experimental evolution is now frequently applied to many biological systems to achieve desired objectives. To obtain optimized performance for metabolite production, a successful strategy has been recently developed that couples metabolic engineering techniques with laboratory evolution of microorganisms. Previously, we reported the growth characteristics(More)
Tau, a major microtubule-associated protein of the neuron, which is known to promote the assembly of and to stabilize microtubules, has also been seen associated with chromatin in neuronal cell lines, but its role in this subcellular compartment is still unknown. In this study, the binding of tau to DNA was investigated using the electrophoretic mobility(More)
Genetic manipulation was undertaken in order to understand the mechanism involved in the heterologous synthesis of lycopene in Escherichia coli. Knockout of the central carbon metabolic gene zwf (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase) resulted in the enhancement of lycopene production (above 130 % relative to control). The amplification and overexpression of(More)