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With the development of cognitive radio technologies, dynamic spectrum access becomes a promising approach to increase the efficiency of spectrum utilization and solve spectrum scarcity problem. Under dynamic spectrum access, unlicensed wireless users (secondary users) can dynamically access the licensed bands from legacy spectrum holders (primary users) on(More)
Dynamic spectrum access has been a subject of extensive research activity in recent years. The increasing volume of literature calls for a deeper understanding of the characteristics of current spectrum utilization. In this paper we present a detailed spectrum measurement study, with data collected in the 20MHz to 3GHz spectrum band and at four locations(More)
BACKGROUND Recurrent sinopulmonary and cutaneous viral infections with elevated serum levels of IgE are features of some variants of combined immunodeficiency. The genetic causes of these variants are unknown. METHODS We collected longitudinal clinical data on 11 patients from eight families who had recurrent sinopulmonary and cutaneous viral infections.(More)
Interferon-γ (IFN-γ) has a critical role in immune responses to intracellular bacterial infection. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important in the regulation of innate and adaptive immunity. However, whether miRNAs can directly target IFN-γ and regulate IFN-γ production post-transcriptionally remains unknown. Here we show that infection of mice with Listeria(More)
The full scale of human miRNome in specific cell or tissue, especially in cancers, remains to be determined. An in-depth analysis of miRNomes in human normal liver, hepatitis liver, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was carried out in this study. We found nine miRNAs accounted for ∼88.2% of the miRNome in human liver. The third most highly expressed(More)
Traffic estimation is crucial to a number of tasks such as traffic management and road engineering. We propose an approach for metropolitan-scale traffic estimation with probe vehicles that periodically send location and speed updates to a monitoring center. In our approach, we use the flow speed on a road link within a time slot to indicate the traffic(More)
In this paper, we tackle the spectrum allocation problem in cognitive radio (CR) networks with time-frequency flexibility consideration using combinatorial auction. Different from all the previous works using auction mechanisms, we model the spectrum opportunity in a time-frequency division manner. This model caters to much more flexible requirements from(More)
We consider the problem of binary hypothesis testing using binary decisions from independent and identically distributed (i.i.d). sensors. Identical likelihood-ratio quantizers with threshold are used at the sensors to obtain sensor decisions. Under this condition, the optimal fusion rule is known to be a -out-ofrule with threshold . For the Bayesian(More)
Cooperative communication is a powerful technology combating fading in wireless medium. In contrast to conventional cooperation (CC) which allows the relay to simply process and forward what it has heard, network-coded cooperation (NCC) endows network coding capability with the relay, i.e., allows the relay to first encode the data it has received from(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Polymorphisms in the region of the interleukin (IL)28B gene have been associated with pegylated-interferon (PEG-IFN) and ribavirin treatment response mainly in genotype 1 HCV infections. However, there are few data on HCV genotype 4 (HCV-4) infection. We evaluated, in a unique well-characterized cohort of HCV-4 patients, the association of(More)