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The metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5) is closely relative to the proliferation, survival, and differentiation of neural progenitor cells (NPCs). This study primarily examined the mGluR5 expression of NPCs in subventricular zone (SVZ) and the effects of mGluR5 on neurogenesis to intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) rat. The experiment was designated as(More)
The mental retardation-associated protein, srGAP3 is highly expressed in neurogenic sites. It is thought to regulate the key aspects of neuronal development and functions. Little is known about the interaction between srGAP3 and immature neural stem cells/neural progenitor cells (NSCs/NPCs). In the current study, the expression of srGAP3 in NSCs/NPCs was(More)
Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) regulate neurogenesis in brain, but the mechanisms remain unknown. In this study, we investigated the effect of mGluR5 on the proliferation of human embryonic neural stem/progenitor cells (NPCs), the expression of cyclin D1 and the activation of signaling pathways of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs).(More)
Hypoxia/ischemia induces proliferation of neural progenitor cells (NPCs) in rodent and human brain; however, the mechanisms remain unknown. We investigated the effects of metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5) on NPC proliferation under hypoxia, the expression of cyclin D1, and the activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) signaling(More)
A large-scale RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) of mulberry (Morus L.) was carried out between two samples in regular and drought stress condition. In this research, de novo assembly was performed, and totally 54736 contigs were obtained from the reads, including the scaffolded regions. 1051 genes were identified that were significantly differently expressed between(More)
The application of neurotrophic factors (NTFs) is a promising therapeutic strategy for neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson’s disease (PD). Many NTFs have been reported to enhance the survival, regeneration, and differentiation of neurons and to induce synaptic plasticity. However, because of their potential side-effects and low efficacy after(More)
BACKGROUND The transplantation of neural stem cells (NSCs) has been accepted as a promising therapeutic strategy for central nervous system disorders. However, the beneficial effect of NSC transplantation upon functional recovery is limited due to the unfavorable microenvironment (niche) at the site of trauma or degenerative disease in the brain.(More)
ATP-sensitive potassium channels (KATP), as an inward rectifying potassium channel, are widely distributed in many types of tissues. KATP are activated by the depletion of ATP level and the increase in oxidative stress in cells. The activity of KATP couples cell metabolism with electrical activity and results in membrane hyperpolarization. KATP are(More)
We have previously reported that 5 copies of the hypoxia response element (HRE) can conditionally regulate brain-derived neurotrophic factor gene expression under hypoxic/ischemic conditions in mice. In the present study, we investigated the controlled expression of neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) by HRE under hypoxic conditions(More)
Neurogenesis and angiogenesis are two parallel processes that occur in brain development and repair, and so share some molecular signals. In order to better understand the interaction between the genesis of neural cells and vessels during brain development, the density of microvessels and the number of nestin positive neural stem/neural progenitor cells(More)