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BACKGROUND Conventional dual-chamber pacing maintains atrioventricular synchrony but results in high percentages of ventricular pacing, which causes ventricular desynchronization and has been linked to an increased risk of atrial fibrillation in patients with sinus-node disease. METHODS We randomly assigned 1065 patients with sinus-node disease, intact(More)
Bacteria are the primary food source of choanoflagellates, the closest known relatives of animals. Studying signaling interactions between the Gram-negative Bacteroidetes bacterium Algoriphagus sp. PR1 and its predator, the choanoflagellate Salpingoeca rosetta, provides a promising avenue for testing hypotheses regarding the involvement of bacteria in(More)
It has been well documented that exercise promotes neurological rehabilitation in patients with cerebral ischemia. However, the exact mechanisms have not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to discuss the effect of treadmill exercise on expression levels of 5-HT, 5-HT1A receptor (5-HT1AR) and brain derived neurophic factor (BDNF) in rat brains after(More)
BACKGROUND Whether acupuncture is effective for relieving perimenopausal syndrome has been controversial recently. In this article, we report the protocol of a randomized controlled trial using acupuncture to treat perimenopausal syndrome, aiming to answer this controversy. DESIGN A multicenter randomized controlled trial with two parallel arms is(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate clinically useful markers for determining the severity of hemorrhagic shock and adequacy of resuscitation. METHODS Prospective study was undertaken in 12 dogs, using an established model for hemorrhagic shock. The anesthetized dogs were bled to a mean arterial pressure of 40 mmHg which was maintained for 3 hours. Then each animal(More)
Aiming to highly efficient capture and analysis of circulating tumor cells, a micropillar device decorated with graphite oxide-coated magnetic nanoparticles is developed for magneto-controllable capture and release of cancer cells. Graphite oxide-coated, Fe3 O4 magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) are synthesized by solution mixing and functionalized with a(More)
Neuropeptide FF (NPFF) has many functions in regulating various biological processes. However, little attention has been focused on the anti-inflammatory effect of this peptide. In the present study, the in vitro anti-inflammatory activity of NPFF in both primary peritoneal macrophages and RAW 264.7 macrophages was investigated. Our data showed that NPFF(More)
Neurokinin-1 receptor (NK1R) occurs naturally on human glioblastomas. Its activation mediates glioma cell proliferation. However, it is unknown whether NK1R is directly involved in tumor cell migration. In this study, we found human hemokinin-1 (hHK-1), via NK1R, dose-dependently promoted the migration of U-251 and U-87 cells. In addition, we showed that(More)
Temozolomide-perillyl alcohol conjugate (TMZ - POH), a novel temozolomide analog, was reported to play a cytotoxic role in triple-negative breast cancer and TMZ-resistant gliomas. In a current study we had demonstrated how TMZ - POH also exhibited its cytotoxicity against non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the most common type of lung cancer, as evidence(More)
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I am most grateful to Dr. Li, Xigen, my thesis chair, for his excellent guidance as I prepared the thesis. Dr. Li's expertise and advice are invaluable in this explorative study. His insightful opinions about the Internet medium in the field of mass communication are valuable resources for this project. I would also like to acknowledge my(More)