Qi-zhuang Ye

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Secreted Wnt morphogens are signaling molecules essential for embryogenesis, pathogenesis, and regeneration and require distinct modifications for secretion, gradient formation, and activity. Whether Wnt proteins can be posttranslationally inactivated during development and homeostasis is unknown. Here we identify, through functional cDNA screening, a(More)
Previously, we have demonstrated that the renaturation of heat denatured firefly luciferase is dependent upon the activity of Hsp90 in rabbit reticulocyte lysate. Here, we demonstrate that this assay may identify inhibitors that obstruct the chaperone activity of Hsp90 either by direct binding to its N-terminal or C-terminal nucleotide binding sites or by(More)
Recently, we reported a useful assay for the determination of yeast Hsp90 ATPase activity. Using this assay, high-throughput screening of approximately 10,000 compounds was performed to determine the feasibility of this assay on large scale. Results from high-throughput screening indicated that the assay was reproducible (av Z-factor = 0.80) and identified(More)
Divalent metal ions play a critical role in the removal of N-terminal methionine from nascent proteins by methionine aminopeptidase (MetAP). Being an essential enzyme for bacteria, MetAP is an appealing target for the development of novel antibacterial drugs. Although purified enzyme can be activated by several divalent metal ions, the exact metal ion used(More)
Methionine aminopeptidase (MetAP) carries out an essential posttranslational modification of nascent proteins by removing the initiator methionine and is recognized as a potential target for developing antibacterial, antifungal, and anticancer agents. We have established an Escherichia coli expression system for human type I MetAP (HsMetAP1) and(More)
Methionine aminopeptidase (MetAP) removes the amino-terminal methionine residue from newly synthesized proteins, and it is a target for the development of antibacterial and anticancer agents. Available x-ray structures of MetAP, as well as other metalloaminopeptidases, show an active site containing two adjacent divalent metal ions bridged by a water(More)
Methionine aminopeptidases (MetAPs) have been studied in vitro as Co(II) enzymes, but their in vivo metal remains to be defined. While activation of Escherichia coli MetAP (EcMetAP1) by Co(II), Mn(II), and Zn(II) was detectable by a colorimetric Met-S-Gly-Phe assay, significant activation by Ni(II) was shown in a fluorescence Met-AMC assay, in addition to(More)
Both the histamine H1-receptor (H1R) and H2-receptor (H2R) exhibit pronounced species selectivity in their pharmacological properties; i.e., bulky agonists possess higher potencies and efficacies at guinea pig (gp) than at the corresponding human (h) receptor isoforms. In this study, we examined the effects of N-acylated imidazolylpropylguanidines(More)
Methionine aminopeptidase (MetAP) catalyzes the removal of methionine from newly synthesized polypeptides. MetAP carries out this cleavage with high precision, and Met is the only natural amino acid residue at the N terminus that is accepted, although type I and type II MetAPs use two different sets of residues to form the hydrophobic S1 site.(More)
Drug resistance in gram-negative bacteria, such as Acinetobacter baumannii, is emerging as a significant healthcare problem. New antibiotics with a novel mechanism of action are urgently needed to overcome the drug resistance. Methionine aminopeptidase (MetAP) carries out an essential cotranslational methionine excision in many bacteria and is a potential(More)