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BACKGROUND AND AIM The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of polygenetic polymorphisms, which play a role in the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome, on the susceptibility to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) of Chinese people. METHODS The subjects were selected from an epidemiological survey in the Guangdong province of southern(More)
We investigated the effect of photodynamic therapy (PDT) and of an anti-vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) monoclonal antibody on the in vivo growth of C6 glioma. Seven days after inoculation with C6 cells, adult male Wistar rats weighing 280-300 g with MRI-confirmed glioma were randomly assigned to 4 groups (N = 15 per group): PDT + VCAM-1 antibody(More)
UNLABELLED The synthetic retinoid fenretinide is one of the most promising clinically tested retinoids. Previously, we have shown that fenretinide induces apoptosis of Huh7 cells, but HepG2 cells are relatively resistant to fenretinide-induced apoptosis. This study examines the interactive role of fenretinide and histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) in(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of endostar (a recombinant human endostatin) and photodynamic therapy (PDT) on gliomas. To establish glioma xenografts, human U251 glioma cells were injected into the brain of nude mice. Mice with MRI-confirmed glioma received hematoporphyrin monomethyl ether (HMME)-mediated PDT, daily injection of(More)
PURPOSE Our aim was to study calcium overload-induced apoptosis and its relation to reactive oxygen species (ROS) in rat C6 glioma cells after sonodynamic treatment (SDT). MATERIALS AND METHODS Hematoporphyrin monomethyl ether (HMME) was used as the sonosensitizer. The concentration of intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)) was measured by fluorometry.(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the prevalence of the hepatic lipase gene (LIPC) promoter polymorphism (at position -514) in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and its relationship with the susceptibility to NAFLD. METHODS Genotype of LIPC promoter was detected with PCR-RFLP in 106 patients with NAFLD. Body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio (WHR),(More)
Nur77, encoded by Nr4a1 (alias Nur77), plays roles in cell death, survival, and inflammation. To study the role of Nur77 in liver regeneration, wild-type (WT) and Nur77 knockout (KO) mice were subjected to standard two-thirds partial hepatectomy (PH). Nur77 mRNA and protein levels were markedly induced at 1 hour after PH in WT livers, coinciding with ERK1/2(More)
The eyes and skin are obvious retinoid target organs. Vitamin A deficiency causes night blindness and retinoids are widely used to treat acne and psoriasis. However, more than 90% of total body retinol is stored in liver stellate cells. In addition, hepatocytes produce the largest amount of retinol binding protein and cellular retinoic acid binding protein(More)
BACKGROUND Retinoid x receptor α (RXRα) is abundantly expressed in the liver and is essential for the function of other nuclear receptors. Using chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing and mRNA profiling data generated from wild type and RXRα-null mouse livers, the current study identifies the bona-fide hepatic RXRα targets and biological pathways. In(More)
The aim of this study was to study the effects of killing C6 glioma cells induced by hematoporphyrin monomethyl ether (HMME)-mediated sonodynamic therapy combined with photodynamic therapy (SPDT). In the SPDT group, the cells were treated with sonication at an intensity of 0.5 W/cm2 and a frequency of 1 MHz, followed by different doses of light irradiation.(More)