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TAZ (WWTR1), identified as a 14-3-3 binding protein with a PDZ binding motif, modulates mesenchymal stem cell differentiation. We now show that TAZ plays a critical role in the migration, invasion, and tumorigenesis of breast cancer cells. TAZ is conspicuously expressed in human breast cancer cell lines in which its expression levels generally correlate(More)
We demonstrate here that Chinese hamster ovary cells stably expressing PRL-3, a M(r) 20000 prenylated protein tyrosine phosphatase, or its relative, PRL-1, exhibit enhanced motility and invasive activity. A catalytically inactive PRL-3 mutant has significantly reduced migration-promoting activity. We observe that PRL-3 is associated with diverse membrane(More)
PRL-3 is a metastasis-associated phosphatase. We and others have shown that its overexpression increases cell motility and invasiveness. These phenotypic changes are reminiscent of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) that occurs during embryonic development and oncogenesis. The EMT is a complex process that converts epithelia into migratory(More)
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) play a key immunosuppressive role in various types of cancer, including head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). In this study, we characterized CD14+HLA-DR(-/lo) cells sorted from the tumors, draining lymph nodes, and peripheral blood of HNSCC patients. CD14+HLA-DR(-/lo) cells were phenotyped as CD11b+, CD33+,(More)
PRL-3, a protein tyrosine phosphatase, has attracted much attention as its transcript is consistently upregulated in the process of colorectal cancer metastases to secondary organs. We studied mice injected via the tail vein with CHO cells stably expressing EGFP-tagged PRL-3 or catalytically inactive mutant PRL-3 (C104S). Our data showed that the(More)
VAMP4 is enriched in the trans-Golgi network (TGN) and functions in traffic from the early and recycling endosomes to the TGN, but its trafficking itinerary is unknown. Cells stably expressing TGN-enriched VAMP4 C-terminally-tagged with EGFP (VAMP4-EGFP) are able to internalize and transport EGFP antibody efficiently to the TGN, suggesting that VAMP4-EGFP(More)
p53 is a well known tumor suppressor. We show that p53 also regulates osteoblast differentiation, bone formation, and osteoblast-dependent osteoclast differentiation. Indeed, p53(-/-) mice display a high bone mass phenotype, and p53(-/-) osteoblasts show accelerated differentiation, secondary to an increase in expression of the osteoblast differentiation(More)
The p53 tumor suppressor restricts tumorigenesis through the transcriptional activation of target genes involved in cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis. Here, we identify Prl-3 (phosphatase of regenerating liver-3) as a p53-inducible gene. Whereas previous studies implicated Prl-3 in metastasis because of its overexpression in metastatic human colorectal cancer(More)
The deregulated expression of members of the phosphatase of regenerating liver (PRL) family has been implicated in the metastatic progression of multiple human cancers. Importantly, PRL-1 and PRL-3 both possess the capacity to drive key steps in metastatic progression. Yet, little is known about the regulation and oncogenic mechanisms of this emerging class(More)
SNAREs represent a superfamily of proteins responsible for the last stage of docking and subsequent fusion in diverse intracellular membrane transport events. The Vamp subfamily of SNAREs contains 7 members (Vamp1, Vamp2, Vamp3/cellubrevin, Vamp4, Vamp5, Vamp7/Ti-Vamp, and Vamp8/endobrevin) that are distributed in various post-Golgi structures. Vamp4 and(More)