Physiological/behavioral/perceptual responses to an auditory stimulus can be inhibited by another leading auditory stimulus at certain stimulus intervals, and have been considered useful models of auditory gating processes. Two typical examples of auditory gating are prepulse inhibition of the startle reflex and the precedence effect (echo suppression).… (More)
Forkhead box protein 3 (Foxp3) is known as a specific marker for regulatory T cells which contribute to immunosuppression in tumor microenvironment. However, existing studies regarding clinical significance of Foxp3+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in glioblastoma (GBM) remained discrepant. In this study, we aimed to explore whether this subtype of… (More)
Most animal vocalizations, including echolocation signals used by bats, contain frequency-modulated (FM) components. Previous studies have described a class of neurons in the inferior colliculus (IC) of the big brown bat that respond exclusively to sinusoidally frequency modulated (SFM) signals and fail to respond to pure tones, noise, amplitude-modulated… (More)
An unsymmetric tetracarboxylic ligand collaborates with 4,4'-bipyridine to induce spontaneous resolution to form homochiral 3D coordination frameworks, while the use of longer dipyridyl ligands instead of 4,4'-bipyridine leads to isoreticular but heterochiral frameworks.