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[Structure: see text] Catalyzed by the Rhodococcus erythropolis AJ270 whole cell catalyst, the O-benzylated beta-hydroxy alkanenitriles underwent remarkably high enantioselective biotransformations, whereas the biotransformations of free beta-hydroxy alkanenitriles gave very low enantioselectivity. The easy manipulations of O-protection and O-deprotection,(More)
Catalyzed by the Rhodococcus erythropolis AJ270 whole cell catalyst under very mild conditions, biotransformations of racemic 1-arylaziridine-2-carbonitriles proceeded efficiently and enantioselectively to produce highly enantiopure S-1-arylaziridine-2-carboxamides and R-1-arylaziridine-2-carboxylic acids in excellent yields. Although the nitrile hydratase(More)
Biotransformations of various functionalized racemic nitriles catalyzed by Rhodococcus erythropolis AJ270, a nitrile hydratase/amidase-containing microbial whole-cell catalyst, were studied. While the nitrile hydratase exhibits high catalytic efficiency but very low enantioselectivity against almost all nitrile substrates examined, the amidase is very(More)
Catalyzed by a nitrile hydratase/amidase-containing microbial Rhodococcus sp. AJ270 whole-cell catalyst, a number of racemic trans-2,3-epoxy-3-arylpropanenitriles 1 underwent rapid and efficient hydrolysis under very mild conditions to afford 2R,3S-2-arylglycidamides 2 in excellent yield with enantiomeric excess higher than 99.5%. The overall(More)
Large methylazacalix[n]pyridines (n = 6-9) were synthesized effectively from the Pd-catalyzed macrocyclic fragment coupling reactions between alpha,omega-dibrominated and alpha,omega-diaminated linear oligomers. As macrocyclic host molecules, they formed a 1:1 complex with fullerenes C(60) and C(70) with association constants ranging from 3 x 10(4) to 1 x(More)
[reaction: see text] Under acidic conditions, a fluorescence-quenching process of 1 induced by selective binding of alkali metal ions was discovered. The mechanism of this new process involves alkali metal ion-induced deprotonation of the ammonium ion to trigger resumption of a fluorescence-quenching PET process.
[structure: see text] Owing to the electronic nature of the bridging nitrogen atoms which can adopt different hybridizations and form various conjugations with the adjacent pyridine(s), methylazacalix[4]pyridine underwent conformation and cavity preorganization to highly selectively bind the Zn(2+) ion. Rigidification and coplanarity of the macrocyclic ring(More)
Methylazacalix[n]pyridines (n = 4, 8) and methylazacalix[m]arene[n]pyridines (m = n = 2, 4) have been synthesized by a convenient fragment coupling approach starting from 2,6-dibromopyridine, 2,6-diaminopyridine, and benzene-1,3-diamine. Thanks to the intrinsic electronic nature of nitrogen, which can adopt mainly sp(2) hybridization, allowing it variously(More)
Described herein is a manganese-catalyzed dehydrogenative [4+2] annulation of NH imines and alkynes, a reaction providing highly atom-economical access to diverse isoquinolines. This transformation represents the first example of manganese-catalyzed CH activation of imines; the stoichiometric variant of the cyclomanganation was reported in 1971. The redox(More)