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LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) is cleared from plasma via cellular uptake and internalization processes that are largely mediated by the low-density lipoprotein cholesterol receptor (LDL-R). LDL-R is targeted for lysosomal degradation by association with proprotein convertase subtilisin-kexin type 9 (PCSK9). Gain of function mutations in PCSK9 can result in(More)
Bioconjugates represent an emerging class of medicines, which offer therapeutic opportunities overtaking those of the individual components. Many novel bioconjugates have been explored in order to address various emerging medical needs. The last decade has witnessed the exponential growth of new site-selective bioconjugation techniques, however very few(More)
Aldosterone is a key signaling component of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and as such has been shown to contribute to cardiovascular pathology such as hypertension and heart failure. Aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2) is responsible for the final three steps of aldosterone synthesis and thus is a viable therapeutic target. A series of imidazole(More)
Blockade of the hERG potassium channel prolongs the ventricular action potential (AP) and QT interval, and triggers early after depolarizations (EADs) and torsade de pointes (TdP) arrhythmia. Opinions differ as to the causal relationship between hERG blockade and TdP, the relative weighting of other contributing factors, definitive metrics of preclinical(More)
CYP11B2, the aldosterone synthase, and CYP11B1, the cortisol synthase, are two highly homologous enzymes implicated in a range of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. We have previously reported the discovery of LCI699, a dual CYP11B2 and CYP11B1 inhibitor that has provided clinical validation for the lowering of plasma aldosterone as a viable approach to(More)
This paper describes the application of chiral oxazaborolidinium cations of type 2 to various enantioselective Diels-Alder reactions that have served as early key steps for the syntheses of complex natural products. In the original syntheses these Diels-Alder reactions produced racemic adducts and led to racemic target molecules unless a separation of(More)
Systematic characterisation of the reactivity of the lysine moieties in CRM197 towards N-hydroxysuccinimide linkers bearing alkynes or azides is described. This involves two-step conjugation of various glycans to CRM197 by click chemistry in a well-defined manner. By semiquantitative LC-MS/MS analysis of proteolytic digests of the conjugates formed, the(More)
We have recently described a method for tyrosine-ligation of complex glycans that was proven efficient for the site selective coupling of GBS capsular polysaccharides (PSs). Herein, we explored the effect of conjugation of type V polysaccharide onto predetermined lysine or tyrosine residues of the GBS67 pilus protein with the dual role of T-cell carrier for(More)
We have demonstrated that the insertion of alkyne-containing bifunctional linkers into the tyrosine residues of the carrier protein, followed by the copper mediated azide-alkyne [3 + 2] cycloaddition of carbohydrates, is a robust approach for the preparation of glycoconjugates with defined glycans, carrier, and connectivity. Conjugation of Group B(More)
The With-No-Lysine (K) (WNK) kinases play a critical role in blood pressure regulation and body fluid and electrolyte homeostasis. Herein, we introduce the first orally bioavailable pan-WNK-kinase inhibitor, WNK463, that exploits unique structural features of the WNK kinases for both affinity and kinase selectivity. In rodent models of hypertension, WNK463(More)