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Exocytosis in mammalian spermatozoa (the acrosome reaction) is a process essential for fertilization. Both progesterone and zona pellucida induce exocytosis in spermatozoa, which may encounter both during penetration of the oocyte's vestments. When mouse spermatozoa were exposed first to progesterone and then to zona pellucida, exocytosis was enhanced to a(More)
Excessive production or accumulation of β-amyloid (Aβ) peptides in human brains leads to increased amyloid deposition and cognitive dysfunction, which are invariable pathological features in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Many cellular factors can regulate the production of Aβ. In this study, we show that a family of proteins named Nogo receptor(More)
BACKGROUND Protein disulfide isomerase (PDI), is sorted to be enzymatic chaperone for reconstructing misfolded protein in endoplasmic reticulum lumen. Recently, PDI has been identified as a link between misfolded protein and neuron apoptosis. However, the potential for PDI to be involved in the pathogenesis of prion disease remains unknown. In this study,(More)
What is network denial of service (DoS), and why is it such a problem? This research project has sought to investigate these questions and look at the deeper questions such as can denial of service be removed, can it be detected and can network systems adequately respond to denial of service incidents should they become subjected to them? This paper(More)
It has been described that A disintegrin and metalloproteinase (ADAM10) may involve in the physiopathology of prion diseases, but the direct molecular basis still remains unsolved. In this study, we confirmed that ADAM10 was able to cleave recombinant human prion protein in vitro. Using immunoprecipitation tests (IP) and immunofluorescent assays (IFA),(More)
Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) diseases are known to be zoonotic diseases that can infect different kinds of animals. The transmissibility of TSE, like that of other infectious diseases, shows marked species barrier, either being unable to infect heterologous species or difficult to form transmission experimentally. The similarity of the(More)
Moderate hyperhomocysteinemia is associated with several diseases, including coronary artery disease, stroke, Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia, and spina bifida. However, the mechanisms for their pathogenesis are unknown but could involve the interaction of homocysteine or its metabolites with molecular targets such as neurotransmitter receptors,(More)
Macroautophagy is an important process for removing misfolded and aggregated protein in cells, the dysfunction of which has been directly linked to an increasing number of neurodegenerative disorders. However, the details of macroautophagy in prion diseases remain obscure. Here we demonstrated that in the terminal stages of scrapie strain 263K-infected(More)