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A central tenet of fibrinolysis is that tissue plasminogen activator-dependent (t-PA- dependent) conversion of plasminogen to active plasmin requires the presence of the cofactor/substrate fibrin. However, previous in vitro studies have suggested that the endothelial cell surface protein annexin II can stimulate t-PA-mediated plasminogen activation in the(More)
BACKGROUND Urinary trypsin inhibitor (UTI) inhibits the inflammatory response and protects against ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. The inflammatory response is mediated by nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) and its related target genes and products such as vascular endothelial cell adhesion molecule and CXC chemokines. We aimed to assess the roles of(More)
BACKGROUND Recent epidemiologic studies have found an increased risk of suicide among Veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom (OEF-OIF) with psychiatric disorders. However, little is known about whether variables other than psychiatric conditions, such as coping strategies, resilience, and social support, may be related to suicidality in(More)
The annexin A2 (A2) heterotetramer, consisting of two copies of A2 and two copies of S100A10/p11, promotes fibrinolytic activity on the surface of vascular endothelial cells by assembling plasminogen and tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and accelerating the generation of plasmin. In humans, overexpression of A2 by acute promyelocytic leukemia cells is(More)
We aimed to assess the effects of traditional Chinese medicine; marine (MT) and kuhuang (KH), either alone or in combination, on the early graft function of the recipients and overall patient survival rate after liver transplantation (LT) by using diammonium glycyrrhizinate (DG) as a positive control. A total of 151 subjects undergoing LT were included in(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) type 1 have an extremely poor prognosis. Liver transplantation (LT) is the only treatment that can cure terminal stage liver disease and reverse HRS. However, the data showing the impact of LT on patients with HRS type 1 are limited. METHODS The outcome and prognostic factors of 32 patients with HRS type(More)
In China, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) usually develops following a long history of chronic hepatitis B infection or cirrhosis. To evaluate the diagnostic role of annexin A2 (ANXA2), a possible tumor marker, in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related HCC, particularly those with a history of cirrhosis, the present study prospectively enrolled 87(More)
BACKGROUND The search for a strategy to provide temporary liver support and salvage the patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) remains an important issue. This study was designed to evaluate the experience in artificial liver support system (ALSS) combined with liver transplantation (LT) in the treatment of ACLF. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL(More)
Liver transplantation represents a cornerstone in the management of early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Expansion beyond the Milan criteria for liver transplantation (1 lesion <or= 5 cm, or 2 to 3 lesions each <or= 3 cm) remains controversial. This review covers several key areas: (1) Recent developments and published data on expanded criteria for(More)
When plasma levels of homocysteine (HC), a thiol amino acid formed upon methionine demethylation, exceed 12 muM, individuals are at increased risk of developing large vessel atherothrombosis and small vessel dysfunction. The annexin A2 complex (termed "A2") is the cell surface coreceptor for plasminogen and TPA and accelerates the catalytic activation of(More)