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Markov random fields (MRFs) are popular and generic probabilistic models of prior knowledge in low-level vision. Yet their generative properties are rarely examined, while application-specific models and non-probabilistic learning are gaining increased attention. In this paper we revisit the generative aspects of MRFs, and analyze the quality of common(More)
How can micro-blogging activities on Twitter be leveraged for user modeling and personalization? In this paper we investigate this question and introduce a framework for user modeling on Twitter which enriches the semantics of Twitter messages (tweets) and identifies topics and entities (e.g. persons, events, products) mentioned in tweets. We analyze how(More)
As the size and complexity of modern computing systems keep increasing to meet the demanding requirements of High Performance Computing (HPC) applications, manageability is becoming a critical concern to achieve both high performance and high productivity computing. Meanwhile, virtual machine (VM) technologies have become popular in both industry and(More)
As the most popular microblogging platform, the vast amount of content on Twitter is constantly growing so that the retrieval of relevant information (streams) is becoming more and more difficult every day. Representing the semantics of individual Twitter activities and modeling the interests of Twitter users would allow for personalization and therewith(More)
Social Web describes a new culture of participation on the Web where more and more people actively participate in publishing and organizing Web content. As part of this culture, people leave a variety of traces when interacting with (other people via) Social Web systems. In this paper, we investigate user modeling strategies for inferring personal interest(More)
MPICH2 provides a layered architecture for implementing MPI-2. In this paper, we provide a new design for implementing MPI-2 over InfiniBand by extending the MPICH2 ADI3 layer. Our new design aims to achieve high performance by providing a multi-communication method framework that can utilize appropriate communication channels/devices to attain optimal(More)
Multi-core processors are growing as a new industry trend as single core processors rapidly reach the physical limits of possible complexity and speed. In the new Top500 supercomputer list, more than 20% processors belong to the multi-core processor family. However, without an in-depth study on application behaviors and trends on multi-core clusters, we(More)
In this article, we analyze and compare user behavior on two different microblogging platforms: (1) Sina Weibo which is the most popular microblogging service in China and (2) Twitter. Such a comparison has not been done before at this scale and is therefore essential for understanding user behavior on microblogging services. In our study, we analyze more(More)
The increasing use of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) for the treatment of chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum has resulted in increased reports of SP resistance of P. falciparum worldwide. Selection of SP-resistant Plasmodium vivax in areas where P. falciparum and P. vivax co-exist is not entirely clear. We examined the prevalence and extent of(More)
Ultra-scale computer clusters with high speed interconnects, such as InfiniBand, are being widely deployed for their excellent performance and cost effectiveness. However, the failure rate on these clusters also increases along with their augmented number of components. Thus, it becomes critical for such systems to be equipped with fault tolerance support.(More)