Qazi M. Ashraf

Learn More
Previous studies have shown that hypoxia results in increased phosphorylation of CREB protein that mediates gene expression including that of the pro-apoptotic gene bax. We also have shown that hypoxia-induced expression of Bax protein is prevented by blocking nitric oxide synthase (NOS). The present study tests the hypothesis that inhibition of NOS by(More)
The present study tested the hypothesis that nitration is a mechanism of hypoxia-induced modification of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor. To test this hypothesis the effect of hypoxia on the nitration of the NR1, NR2A and NR2B subunits of the NMDA receptor was determined. Furthermore, the effect of administration of a nitric oxide synthase (NOS)(More)
Hypoxia results in generation of nitric oxide (NO) free radicals, activation of caspase-3, and genomic DNA fragmentation. The present study tests the hypothesis that hypoxia-induced caspase-3 activation and DNA fragmentation are nitric oxide mediated. Studies were conducted in newborn piglets, divided into normoxic (n = 5), hypoxic (n = 5), and(More)
Previous studies have shown that mitogen-activated protein kinases, such as extracellular signal-related kinase (ERK) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), mediate signal transduction from cell surface receptors to the nucleus and phosphorylate anti-apoptotic proteins thereby regulating programmed cell death. The present study tests the hypotheses that hypoxia(More)
Previously, we have shown that hypoxia results in increased generation of nitric oxide free radicals in the cerebral cortex of newborn piglets that may be due to up-regulation of nitric oxide synthases, neuronal nitric oxide synthase and inducible nitric oxide synthase. The present study tests the hypothesis that hypoxia results in increased expression of(More)
Centrosome amplification is a pivotal mechanism underlying tumorigenesis but its role in gliomas is underinvestigated. The present study specifically examines the expression and distribution of the centrosome-associated cytoskeletal protein gamma-tubulin in 56 primary diffuse astrocytic gliomas (grades II-IV) and in 4 human glioblastoma cell lines (U87MG,(More)
The present study aims to investigate the mechanism of activation of nNOS during hypoxia and tests the hypothesis that the hypoxia-induced increased tyrosine phosphorylation of nNOS in the cerebral cortical membranes of newborn piglets is mediated by nNOS-derived nitric oxide (NO). Fifteen newborn piglets were divided into normoxic (Nx, n=5), hypoxic (Hx,(More)
The present study tests the hypothesis that nitric oxide mediates the hypoxia-induced increase in expression of Bax and in DNA fragmentation in the cerebral cortex of newborn piglets, and that administration of N-nitro-L-arginine (NNLA), a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, will prevent a change in hypoxia-induced expression of apoptotic genes and DNA damage.(More)
The present study tests the hypothesis that cerebral hypoxia results in increased ratio of Bax/Bcl-2, activation of caspase-9, lipid peroxidation, and DNA fragmentation in mitochondria of the cerebral cortex of newborn piglets and that the inhibition of nitric oxide synthase by N-nitro-L-arginine during hypoxia will prevent the events leading to(More)
This study tests the hypothesis that administration of magnesium sulfate, an antagonist of the NMDA receptor ion-channel, will prevent the hypoxia-induced alteration in the expression and the ratio of Bax and Bcl-2 proteins in cerebral cortical neuronal nuclear membranes. Anesthetized, ventilated and instrumented newborn piglets were divided into three(More)