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The molecular maturation of the tight junction in the mouse early embryo has been investigated by monitoring the distribution of cingulin, a 140 x 10(3) M(r) peripheral (cytoplasmic) membrane constituent of the junction, at different stages of development and in different experimental situations. Although tight junction formation does not begin until(More)
The expression of the tight junction peripheral membrane protein, cingulin (140 x 10(3) M(r), was investigated in mouse eggs and staged preimplantation embryos by immunoblotting and immunoprecipitation. Polyclonal antibody to chicken brush cingulin detected a single 140 x 10(3) M(r) protein in immunoblots of unfertilised eggs and all preimplantation stages.(More)
Trophectoderm differentiation during blastocyst formation provides a model for investigating how an epithelium develops in vivo. This paper briefly reviews our current understanding of the stages of differentiation and possible control mechanisms. The maturation of structural intercellular junctions is considered in more detail. Tight junction formation,(More)
The preimplantation embryo differentiates the trophectoderm epithelium which, from the 32-cell stage, generates the blastocoel of the blastocyst and, after implantation, gives rise to most extraembryonic lineages of the conceptus. Trophectoderm differentiation begins at compaction (8-cell stage) when cell-cell adhesion, mediated by uvomorulin, and(More)
During cleavage, the mouse embryo expresses a variety of cell adhesion systems on its cell surfaces. We have reviewed biogenetic and assembly criteria for the formation of the uvomorulin/catenin, tight junction and desmosome adhesion systems as the trophectoderm differentiates. Each system reveals different mechanisms regulating molecular maturation.(More)
Recently, IEEE 802.11s has been ratified as an amendment to the IEEE 802.11 standard. It adds the ability to establish a wireless mesh network. The amendment makes provisions for a routing protocol called Hybrid Wireless Mesh Protocol(HWMP). In this paper we study the impact of asymmetric bidirectional links on the performance of HWMP. We show through(More)
Cells of Euglena gracilis Klebs strain z Pringsheim had high NADP-dependent glutamate dehydrogenase activity when grown on glutamate as nitrogen source but activity was completely repressed in cells grown on ammonium (NH4+). A 120-fold purification of NADPH-glutamate dehydrogenase (subunit Mr = 45 000) was achieved from glutamate-grown cells by affinity(More)
The recent increase in the number of technologies operating in the 2.4GHz ISM band has drawn attention towards the impact they can have on each other. In this paper, we have conducted a case study about coexistence of IEEE 802.11and IEEE 802.15.4 which has led us to discover previously unknown interactions. We have performed experiments using real hardware(More)
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