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In a preliminary antiprotozoal screening of several Clusiaceae species, the methanolic extracts of Allanblackia monticola and Symphonia globulifera showed high in vitro leishmanicidal activity. Further bioguided phytochemical investigation led to the isolation of four benzophenones: guttiferone A (1), garcinol (2), cambogin (3) and guttiferone F (4), along(More)
The bioassay-guided phytochemical investigation of Sarcococca hookeriana with respect to cholinesterase inhibitory properties has yielded two new 5alpha-pregnane-type steroidal alkaloids, hookerianamides J (1) and K (2), along with eight known compounds (3-10). The structures of 1 and 2 were elucidated by spectroscopic methods. These compounds displayed(More)
In the current study, a number of alkaloids including retamine, cytisine, and sparteine (quinolizidine-type), yohimbine and vincamine (indole-type), scopolamine and atropine (tropane-type), colchicine (tropolone-type), allantoin (imidazolidine-type), trigonelline (pyridine-type) as well as octopamine, synephrine, and capsaicin (exocyclic amine-type) were(More)
Bioguided phytochemical investigation of Sarcococca hookeriana with respect to the cholinesterase enzyme inhibitory assay yielded two new pregnane-type steriodal alkaloids hookerianamide H (1) and hookerianamide I (2), along with three known alkaloids N(a)-methylepipachysamine D (3), sarcovagine C (4) and dictyophlebine (5). Their structures were determined(More)
memory loss that leads to a profound emotional disturbance in later stages. The disease is accompanied by dysfunctions in the system of cholinergic neurotransmission of the central nervous system. The nerve impulse in cholinergic synapses is terminated by the enzyme acetylcholinesterase (AChE, EC 3.1.1.7), which catalyses the hydrolysis of the(More)
Testosterone and ten of its metabolites were examined as inhibitors of butyrylcholinesterase. A significant enzyme inhibition activity (IC(50) = 1.55 microM) was observed for androst-4-en-3,7-dione. The kinetic parameters of butyrylcholinesterase inhibition were determined and molecular docking was carried out in order to develop a better understanding of(More)
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