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The minimally invasive surgical transthoracic occlusion of an atrial septal defect (ASD) or a ventricular septal defect (VSD) is an increasingly widespread alternative treatment for congenital heart disease. The aim of this study is to summarize our clinical experience with minimally invasive surgical transthoracic occlusion of ASD and VSD without(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effects of preoperative phenoxybenzamine (o.p) on preventing epidural-morphine-induced urinary retention and effects of neostigmine on releasing it. METHODS 80 patients who received epidural morphine to release postoperative pain were divided into 4 groups randomly and received preoperative phenoxybenzamine (group P, n = 20),(More)
Stem cells have the ability to differentiate into a variety of cells to replace dead cells or to repair tissue. Recently, accumulating evidence indicates that mechanical forces, cytokines and other factors can influence stem cell differentiation into vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs). In developmental process, SMCs originate from several sources, which(More)
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