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Previous data demonstrate that traumatic brain injury (TBI) activates autophagy, and increases microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) immunostaining mainly in neurons. However, the role of autophagy in traumatic brain damage remains elusive. The aim of the present study was to investigate the autophagic mechanisms participating in traumatic(More)
Vaccination with Abeta(1-42) and treatment with NCX-2216, a novel nitric oxide releasing flurbiprofen derivative, have each been shown separately to reduce amyloid deposition in transgenic mice and have been suggested as potential therapies for Alzheimer's disease. In the current study we treated doubly transgenic amyloid precursor protein and presenilin-1(More)
Previous studies have generated controversy about the extent of co-localization between substance P- and catecholamine-containing neurons that project to the spinal cord. In earlier studies, estimates using immunofluorescence after colchicine have ranged from almost all, to almost none. We sought to resolve this issue by combining in situ hybridization and(More)
Protective human immunity to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tb) has proven difficult to characterize, in part because of technical obstacles to in vitro infection of human cells with virulent M. tb. We established a reproducible method of infecting human monocytes (MN) with the virulent M. tb strain H37Rv that did not reduce MN viability. TNF-alpha had no(More)
The purpose of the present study was to examine whether the rostroventral portion of the medulla oblongata (RVM) exerts descending modulation on the cardiosomatic motor reflex (CMR) in rats. Capsaicin (1 μg/ml, 0.2 ml) was injected into the pericardial sac as an algesic substance to induce the CMR, which was monitored via electromyogram (EMG) responses of(More)
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