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Recent studies have shown that temporal waveform envelope cues can provide significant information for English speech recognition. This study investigated the use of temporal envelope cues in a tonal language: Mandarin Chinese. In this study, the speech was divided into several frequency analysis bands; the amplitude envelope was extracted from each band by(More)
Current multichannel cochlear implant devices provide high levels of speech performance in quiet. However, performance deteriorates rapidly with increasing levels of background noise. The goal of this study was to investigate whether the noise susceptibility of cochlear implant users is primarily due to the loss of fine spectral information. Recognition of(More)
The present study measured the recognition of spectrally degraded and frequency-shifted vowels in both acoustic and electric hearing. Vowel stimuli were passed through 4, 8, or 16 bandpass filters and the temporal envelopes from each filter band were extracted by half-wave rectification and low-pass filtering. The temporal envelopes were used to modulate(More)
It is widely assumed that the proper transformation of acoustic amplitude to electric amplitude is a critical factor affecting speech recognition in cochlear implant users and normal-hearing listeners. A four-channel noise-band speech processor was implemented, reducing spectral information to four bands. A power-law transformation was applied to the(More)
This experiment examined the effects of spectral resolution and fine spectral structure on recognition of spectrally asynchronous sentences by normal-hearing and cochlear implant listeners. Sentence recognition was measured in six normal-hearing subjects listening to either full-spectrum or noise-band processors and five Nucleus-22 cochlear implant(More)
This study investigated the effect of pulsatile stimulation rate on medial vowel and consonant recognition in cochlear implant listeners. Experiment 1 measured phoneme recognition as a function of stimulation rate in six Nucleus-22 cochlear implant listeners using an experimental four-channel continuous interleaved sampler (CIS) speech processing strategy.(More)
Temporal gap detection thresholds were measured between perceptually dissimilar electrical markers in cochlear implant listeners. Both markers were presented to the same electrode pair. The amplitude and pulse rate of the first marker were fixed, and gap thresholds were measured as a function of either the pulse rate or the amplitude of the second marker.(More)