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Radiation-induced changes in the parietal cortex of Wistar rats were observed at various time points after gamma surgery. Maximum dosages of 50, 75, and 120 Gy were given at the iso-center of the radiation using a 4-mm collimator. Conventional histochemical and immunocytochemical analyses, and computer-assisted videomicroscopy were utilized to examine(More)
Papaverine (PPV) is a nonspecific vasodilator with widespread clinical uses in the treatment of arterial spasm. It has also been utilized in an attempt to reverse cerebral vasospasm. Recent angiographic results have demonstrated significant reversal of vasospasm in large vessels after selective intra-arterial application of PPV; however, these impressive(More)
OBJECTIVE Despite improvements in the care of patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, delayed cerebral vasospasm remains a major cause of morbidity and death. There is now evidence that a decrease in the local availability of nitric oxide (NO) plays a role in delayed cerebral vasospasm. We evaluated a controlled-release polymer containing the NO(More)
A model system for studying cerebral microvasculature is presented in which submerged in vitro brain slices are examined by computerized videomicroscopy. Brain slices are superfused continuously with artificial cerebrospinal fluid, while blood vessels are monitored using a transmission light microscope with water immersion objectives. The responses to(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and nitric oxide (NO) are potent dilators in a variety of vascular beds. Recent evidence suggests that NO may serve as an intermediary messenger for CGRP and/or CGRP may serve as an intermediary messenger for NO in the expression of vasodilation. The present study was designed to provide an initial characterization of(More)
The regulatory role of endothelins in cerebral microvessels was investigated in a recently developed model system which allows the study of small cerebral vessels in their normal microenvironment. Using brain slices of the rat neocortex, it was shown that the isopeptide endothelin-3 (ET-3) had no effect on cerebral microvessels, while the isopeptide(More)
Recent evidence indicates that nitric oxide participates in the modulation of vascular tone in a variety of vascular beds, including the parenchymal microvasculature of the brain. The present study examined the role of protein kinase activity in the induction and maintenance of the contractile response when endogenous nitric oxide production is inhibited in(More)
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