Pyry Antti Välitalo

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Although the pharmacokinetics of dexmedetomidine in healthy volunteers have been studied, there are limited data about the pharmacokinetics of long-term administration of dexmedetomidine in critically ill patients. METHODS This population pharmacokinetic analysis was performed to quantify the pharmacokinetics of dexmedetomidine(More)
The aim of this study was to characterize pediatric pharmacokinetics and central nervous system exposure of naproxen after oral administration. The pharmacokinetics of naproxen was studied in 53 healthy children aged 3 months to 12 years undergoing surgery with spinal anesthesia. Children received preoperatively a single dose of 10 mg/kg oral naproxen(More)
AIMS This study was designed to characterize paediatric pharmacokinetics and central nervous system exposure of flurbiprofen. METHODS The pharmacokinetics of flurbiprofen were studied in 64 healthy children aged 3 months to 13 years, undergoing surgery with spinal anaesthesia. Children were administered preoperatively a single dose of flurbiprofen(More)
AIMS This study aimed to characterize the pharmacokinetics of oxycodone and its major metabolites in infants and covered the age range between extremely preterm neonates and 2-year-old infants. METHODS Seventy-nine infants (gestational age 23-42 weeks; postnatal age 0-650 days) received intravenous oxycodone hydrochloride trihydrate at a dose of 0.1 mg(More)
To characterize the pharmacokinetics (PK) of oxycodone following intravenous injection and administration of three oral dosage forms (solution, capsule, and controlled-release tablet) in elderly patients (age 76–89 years) undergoing cystoscopy. This was an open, randomized study with two sequences and two visits in 15 elderly patients. The patients were(More)
INTRODUCTION Acetaminophen (paracetamol) is mainly metabolized via glucuronidation and sulphation, while the minor pathway through cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2E1 is held responsible for hepatotoxicity. In obese patients, CYP2E1 activity is reported to be induced, thereby potentially worsening the safety profile of acetaminophen. The aim of this study was to(More)
Physiological changes during pregnancy may change pharmacokinetics of compounds. Oxycodone is an increasingly used opioid agonist in acute pain management but its pharmacokinetics in labouring women has not been established. We studied the maternal pharmacokinetics and neonatal exposure of intravenous oxycodone for pain relief in the first stage of labour.(More)
Pain cannot be directly measured in neonates. Therefore, scores based on indirect behavioural signals such as crying, or physiological signs such as blood pressure, are used to quantify neonatal pain both in clinical practice and in clinical studies. The aim of this study was to determine which of the physiological and behavioural items of 2 validated pain(More)
Obtaining pharmacologically relevant exposure levels of antibiotics in the epithelial lining fluid (ELF) is of critical importance to ensure optimal treatment of lung infections. Our objectives were to develop a model for the prediction of the ELF-plasma concentration ratio (EPR) of antibiotics based on their chemical structure descriptors (CSDs). EPR data(More)
Predicting target site drug concentration in the brain is of key importance for the successful development of drugs acting on the central nervous system. We propose a generic mathematical model to describe the pharmacokinetics in brain compartments, and apply this model to predict human brain disposition. A mathematical model consisting of several(More)