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Commercially available St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum) preparations and some of their main constituents (hypericin, pseudohypericin, hyperforin, rutin, and quercetin) were examined for their potential to inhibit carcinogen activation by human cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1). We used a reconstituted system consisting of purified human CYP1A1, purified(More)
Cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) plays a key role in the metabolism of carcinogens, such as benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) and metabolites to ultimate carcinogens. Three human allelic variants, namely wild-type (CYP1A1.1), CYP1A1.2 (I462V) and CYP1A1.4 (T461N), were coexpressed by coinfection of baculovirus-infected insect cells with human NADPH-P450 reductase. These(More)
1. Three human cytochrome P4501A1 (CYP1A1) variants, wild-type (CYP1A1.1), CYP1A1.2 (1462V) and CYP1A1.4 (T461N), were co-expressed with human NADPH-P450 reductase (OR) in Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf9) insect cells by baculovirus co-infection to elaborate a suitable system for studying the role of CYPA1 polymorphism in the metabolism of exogenous and(More)
Cardiolipin has been shown to be the most effective activator of cholesterol side chain cleavage activity of cytochrome P450SCC, and evidence has been provided for a lipid effector site on the enzyme. Results suggested the headgroup of cardiolipin as major determinant of lipid interaction with P450SCC (Lambeth, J. D. (1981) J. Biol. Chem. 256, 4757-4762).(More)
Human cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) and human NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase were expressed and purified from Spodoptera frugiperda insect cells. A reconstituted enzymatically active system metabolized polyunsaturated fatty acids such as arachidonic (AA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). CYP1A1 was an AA hydroxylase which oxidizes this substrate at a rate of(More)
Several epidemiologic studies associate certain CYP1A1 genotypes, alone or in combination, with an increased risk of estrogen-related cancers. To answer the question of whether genotype-dependent activation of estrogens by CYP1A1 could be the underlying mechanism, we studied the hydroxylation activity of the most common allelic variants of human CYP1A1(More)
To answer the question whether the most common allelic variants of human CYP1A1, namely CYP1A1.1 (wild type), CYP1A1.2 (Ile462Val), and CYP1A1.4 (Thr461Asn), differ in their catalytic activity towards eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), in vitro enzymatic assays were performed in reconstituted CYP1A1 systems. All CYP1A1 variants catalyzed EPA epoxygenation and(More)
Epidemiological studies suggest that food rich in quercetin and naringin may protect against certain types of lung cancer, and that genotype dependent inhibition of cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1)-mediated bioactivation of procarcinogens could be the underlying mechanism. We studied the inhibitory effects of quercetin and naringin on the terminal bioactivation(More)
Steroid hydroxylation specificities were determined for the wild-type and the two allelic variants of the polymorphic human cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) that were associated with amino acid exchanges near the active site of the enzyme. All three variants were expressed in insect cells using recombinant baculoviruses. Each variant protein was spectrally and(More)
Several epidemiological studies associate certain CYP1A1 genotypes, alone or in combination, with an increased risk of estrogen-related cancers. Previously we demonstrated that metabolic activation of estrogens by CYP1A1 is a genotype-dependent reaction with the CYP1A1.2 (Ile462Val) variant being the most efficient catalyst (Kisselev et al.). To answer the(More)