Putcha Venkata Lakshmana Rao

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An outbreak of viral encephalitis occurred in Gorakhpur, India, from July through November 2005. The etiologic agent was confirmed to be Japanese encephalitis virus by analyzing 326 acute-phase clinical specimens for virus-specific antibodies and viral RNA and by virus isolation. Phylogenetic analysis showed that these isolates belonged to genogroup 3.
BACKGROUND Influenza A virus is one of world's major uncontrolled pathogen, causing seasonal epidemic as well as global pandemic. This was evidenced by recent emergence and continued prevalent 2009 swine origin pandemic H1N1 Influenza A virus, provoking first true pandemic in the past 40 years. In the course of its evolution, the virus acquired many(More)
BACKGROUND Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) has emerged as one of the most important arboviruses of public health significance in the past decade. The virus is mainly maintained through human-mosquito-human cycle. Other routes of transmission and the mechanism of maintenance of the virus in nature are not clearly known. Vertical transmission may be a mechanism of(More)
The hemagglutinin (HA) gene of novel Swine Origin Influenza A/California/04/2009 (H1N1) was engineered for expression in Pichia pastoris as a soluble secreted protein. The full length HA-synthetic gene having α secretory tag under the control of AOX1 promoter was integrated into P. pastoris genome through homologous recombination. The resultant Pichia(More)
Increased serum and mRNA levels of cytokines in patients with dengue virus (DV) infection suggest that cytokines are one of the key factors in the pathogenesis of disease caused by this virus. Here, we tested 211 serum and 56 mRNA samples from an equal number of dengue cases to determine the levels of interleukin-8 (IL-8), interferon gamma (IFN-γ),(More)
Dengue non-structural protein (NS1) is known to be protective antigen and also has immense application for serodiagnosis. Several serodiagnostic assays available for dengue viral infection are dependent on tissue culture-grown viral proteins. This task is unsafe, laborious, more expensive that makes it unsuitable for routine large-scale production. Although(More)
The present Influenza vaccine manufacturing process has posed a clear impediment to initiation of rapid mass vaccination against spreading pandemic influenza. New vaccine strategies are therefore needed that can accelerate the vaccine production. Pichia offers several advantages for rapid and economical bulk production of recombinant proteins and, hence,(More)
Japanese encephalitis is a major public health problem in South-East Asia and Western Pacific countries. The recombinant nonstructural 1 (rNS1) protein of Japanese encephalitis virus is a potential diagnostic as well as vaccine candidate. Developments of cost-effective and simple culture media as well as appropriate culture conditions are generally(More)
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is the most important cause of encephalitis in most Asian regions. JEV envelope domain III (JEV EDIII) protein is involved in binding to host receptors, and it contains specific epitopes that elicit virus-neutralizing antibodies. A highly immunogenic, recombinant JEV EDIII protein was expressed in Escherichia coli. In order(More)
T-2 toxin is the most toxic trichothecene and a frequent contaminant in many agriculture products. Dietary ingestion represents the most common route of T-2 toxin exposure in humans. T-2 toxin exposure leads to many pathological conditions like nervous disorders, cardiovascular alterations, immune depression and dermal inflammation. However, the neuronal(More)