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AIMS/HYPOTHESIS There has been no reported national survey of diabetes in India in the last three decades, although several regional studies show a rising prevalence of diabetes. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance in six major cities, covering all the regions of the country. METHODS Using a(More)
The cyclic peptide toxins microcystins and nodularins are the most common and abundant cyanotoxins present in diverse water systems. They have been the cause of human and animal health hazards and even death. Over 60 microcystin variants have been reported so far. We report here the results of our study on comparative toxicity evaluation of three most(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS This study reports the results of the first phase of a national study to determine the prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes (impaired fasting glucose and/or impaired glucose tolerance) in India. METHODS A total of 363 primary sampling units (188 urban, 175 rural), in three states (Tamilnadu, Maharashtra and Jharkhand) and one union(More)
Loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is a powerful innovative gene amplification technique emerging as a simple rapid diagnostic tool for early detection and identification of microbial diseases. The whole procedure is very simple and rapid wherein the amplification can be completed in less than 1 h under isothermal conditions employing a set of(More)
Variation in CAPN10, the gene encoding the ubiquitously expressed cysteine protease calpain-10, has been associated with type 2 diabetes in Mexican Americans and in two northern-European populations, from Finland and Germany. We have studied CAPN10 in white subjects of British/Irish ancestry, using both family-based and case-control studies. In 743 sib(More)
Microcystins are naturally occurring hepatotoxins produced by certain strains of Microcystis aeruginosa and microcystin-LR is the most toxic among the 60 microcystin variants isolated so far. These toxins have been implicated in both human and livestock mortality. In the present study we evaluated the age-dependent hepatotoxic effects of microcystin-LR(More)
Toxic cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) water blooms have become a serious problem in several industrialized areas of the world. Microcystin-LR (MC-LR) is a cyanobacterial heptapeptide that represents acute and chronic hazards to animal and human health. Identification of suitable chemprotectants against microcystin is essential considering human health(More)
An outbreak of viral encephalitis occurred in Gorakhpur, India, from July through November 2005. The etiologic agent was confirmed to be Japanese encephalitis virus by analyzing 326 acute-phase clinical specimens for virus-specific antibodies and viral RNA and by virus isolation. Phylogenetic analysis showed that these isolates belonged to genogroup 3.
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is the single largest cause of childhood viral encephalitis in the world with an estimated 50,000 cases and 10,000 deaths annually. The laboratory diagnosis is based essentially on IgM ELISA owing to low transient viremia making virus isolation difficult. In addition the requirement of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) sample for(More)