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Studies with our screening lead 5 and the literature compound 6 led to the identification of 6-benzyloxy-3-(4-methoxy)phenyl-1,2,4-triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazine 8 as a ligand with binding selectivity for the gamma-aminobutyric acid-A (GABA-A) alpha 3- and alpha 5-containing receptor subtypes over the GABA-A alpha 1 subtype (K(i): alpha 2 = 850 nM, alpha 3 =… (More)
A series of high-affinity GABA(A) agonists with good oral bioavailability in rat and dog and functional selectivity for the GABA(A)alpha2 and -alpha3 subtypes is reported. The 7-trifluoromethylimidazopyrimidine 14g and the 7-propan-2-olimidazopyrimidine 14k are anxiolytic in both conditioned and unconditioned animal models of anxiety with minimal sedation… (More)
There is increasing evidence that compounds with selectivity for gamma-aminobutyric acid(A) (GABA(A)) alpha2- and/or alpha3-subtypes may retain the desirable anxiolytic activity of nonselective benzodiazepines but possess an improved side effect profile. Herein we describe a novel series of GABA(A) alpha2/alpha3 subtype-selective agonists leading to the… (More)
The development of a series of GABA(A) alpha2/alpha3 subtype selective pyridazine based benzodiazepine site agonists as anxiolytic agents with reduced sedative/ataxic potential is described, including the discovery of 16, a remarkably alpha3-selective compound ideal for in vivo study. These ligands are antagonists at the alpha1 subtype, with good CNS… (More)
A case of intraoperative convulsions occurring in a child with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita is presented. Arthrogryposis and the anaesthetic management of children with this condition is discussed. Factors which may have contributed to the convulsions are considered.