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We consider the online bipartite matching problem in the unknown distribution input model. We show that the Ranking algorithm of [KVV90] achieves a competitive ratio of at least 0.653. This is the first analysis to show an algorithm which breaks the natural 1 - 1/e -barrier' in the unknown distribution model (our analysis in fact works in the stricter,(More)
Applications in complex systems such as the Internet have spawned a recent interest in studying situations involving multiple agents with their individual cost or utility functions. In this paper, we introduce an algorithmic framework for studying combinatorial optimization problems in the presence of multiple agents with submodular cost functions. We study(More)
—Motivated by an application in kidney exchange, we study the following query-commit problem: we are given the set of vertices of a non-bipartite graph G. The set of edges in this graph are not known ahead of time. We can query any pair of vertices to determine if they are adjacent. If the queried edge exists, we are committed to match the two endpoints.(More)
Motivated by economic thought, a recent research agenda has suggested the algo-rithmic study of combinatorial optimization problems under functions which satisfy the property of decreasing marginal cost. A natural first step to model such functions is to consider submod-ular functions. However, many fundamental problems have turned out to be extremely hard(More)
Submodular functions are an important class of functions in combinatorial optimization which satisfy the natural properties of decreasing marginal costs. The study of these functions has led to strong structural properties with applications in many areas. Recently, there has been significant interest in extending the theory of algorithms for optimizing(More)
This paper addresses the Minimum Linear Ordering Problem (MLOP): Given a nonnegative set function f on a finite set V , find a linear ordering on V such that the sum of the function values for all the suffixes is minimized. This problem generalizes well-known problems such as the Minimum Linear Arrangement, Min Sum Set Cover, Minimum Latency Set Cover, and(More)