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We have observed an acute and prolonged lowering of body temperature (hypothermia) following whole body heating (WBH) of mice. This phenomenon of heat-induced hypothermia and the subsequent recovery of normal temperatures have been systematically investigated. The hypothermic period can be characterized by two parameters: Tnadir and a recovery time constant… (More)
These Hyperthermia Quality Assurance guidelines are a result of a joint workshop of the Hyperthermia Committee of the American College of Radiology and the Hyperthermia Physics Center, which is the national quality assurance program under Contract No. N01-CM-37512 with the National Cancer Institute. Hyperthermia technology presently lacks the kind of… (More)
A muscle-stimulating material made of polyacrylamide gel (PAG) for testing various kinds of hyperthermia applicators was investigated. The permittivity and conductivity dispersion of PAG, as well as an internal wavelength and penetration depth, were in good agreement with those of actual muscle at frequencies between 500 MHz and 3 GHz. A single formula for… (More)
This article discusses some of the basic principles involved in the deposition of microwave power in the tissue. Insight is offered into the characteristics of the instrumentation, its limitations, and the necessary quality control needs.
Results of the evaluation of thermometry devices used during hyperthermia treatments at 14 different clinics in the USA are presented. Measurements were made by the Hyperthermia Physics Center (HPC, a national hyperthermia quality assurance program under NCI contract No. N01-CM-37512) according to a protocol. Our sample included thermocouples, fiberoptic… (More)
The Hyperthermia Physics Center (HPC), under contract with the National Cancer Institute (NCI), has conducted review-type quality assurance (QA) measurements at the five Hyperthermia Equipment Evaluation Centers involved in evaluating the clinical efficacy of a variety of devices for delivering heat treatments to deep-seated human tumours. A summary of the… (More)
A new intracavitary applicator design for microwave hyperthermia, particularly for transrectal prostate treatment, is presented. It includes an exchangeable multisection antenna that enables us to create a required longitudinal heating pattern, a cooling system to shift the maximum temperature away from the surface and a microwave reflecting system embedded… (More)