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Diet and lifestyle produce major effects on tumour incidence, prevalence, and natural history. Moderate dietary restriction has long been recognised as a natural therapy that improves health, promotes longevity, and reduces both the incidence and growth of many tumour types. Dietary restriction differs from fasting or starvation by reducing total food and(More)
Brain tumours lack metabolic versatility and are dependent largely on glucose for energy. This contrasts with normal brain tissue that can derive energy from both glucose and ketone bodies. We examined for the first time the potential efficacy of dietary therapies that reduce plasma glucose and elevate ketone bodies in the CT-2A syngeneic malignant mouse(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant brain cancer persists as a major disease of morbidity and mortality in adults and is the second leading cause of cancer death in children. Many current therapies for malignant brain tumors fail to provide long-term management because they ineffectively target tumor cells while negatively impacting the health and vitality of normal brain(More)
Gangliosides are sialic acid-containing glycosphingolipids that have long been associated with tumor malignancy and metastasis. Mounting evidence suggests that gangliosides also modulate tumor angiogenesis. Tumor cells shed gangliosides into the microenvironment, which produces both autocrine and paracrine effects on tumor cells and tumor-associated host(More)
Metastasis is the process by which cancer cells disseminate from the primary neoplasm and invade surrounding tissue and distant organs, and is the primary cause of morbidity and mortality for cancer patients. Most conventional cancer therapies are ineffective in managing tumor metastasis. This has been due in large part to the absence of in vivo metastatic(More)
— This paper presents a novel approach for designing a linear phase digital high pass FIR filter using Improved Particle Swarm Optimization (IPSO) algorithm. Design of FIR filter is a multi-modal optimization problem. The conservative gradient based optimization techniques are not efficient for digital filter design. Given the specifications for the filters(More)
BACKGROUND A sedentary lifestyle coupled with excessive energy intake is speculated to be a factor associated with increased incidence of prostate cancer. We have investigated the effects of energy intake on prostate tumor growth in experimental animals. METHODS Two transplantable prostate tumor models, i.e., the androgen-dependent Dunning R3327-H(More)
Malignant brain tumors are a significant health problem in children and adults and are often unmanageable. As a metabolic disorder involving the dysregulation of glycolysis and respiration, malignant brain cancer is potentially manageable through changes in metabolic environment. A radically different approach to brain cancer management is proposed that(More)
BACKGROUND AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a known physiological cellular energy sensor and becomes phosphorylated at Thr-172 in response to changes in cellular ATP levels. Activated AMPK acts as either an inducer or suppressor of apoptosis depending on the severity of energy stress and the presence or absence of certain functional tumor suppressor(More)
BACKGROUND Management of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) has been difficult using standard therapy (radiation with temozolomide chemotherapy). The ketogenic diet is used commonly to treat refractory epilepsy in children and, when administered in restricted amounts, can also target energy metabolism in brain tumors. We report the case of a 65-year-old woman(More)